Azobe (Po). Wood-anatomical description (IAWA hardwood codes): The removal of sapwood is recommended to reduce the risk of damage by rot-causing agents. Out of these, sixty-six (66) were resident and seven (7) were migratory. Gaertn., from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata Banks [family OCHNACEAE] Filed as Lophira alata Banks ex C.F.Gaertn. Both compounds also showed potent inhibitory activities against teleocidin B-4-induced inflammation on mouse ear. Lophira alata (commonly known as azobé, ekki or red ironwood) is a species of plant in the Ochnaceae family. The other, named alatachalcone, was new, and the structure was determined by spectral properties. ... (Lophira Alata) HS Code: 44034900 Round Logs Spec...Brand Name: Azobe Wood, Place of Origin: Cameroon, MOQ: 500 CBN, Type: Wood, Color: Red... Traders Of Africa. 1948-1963. Gaertn., from Nigeria, Talbot collection heart) Lophira alata (red ironwood) and Diospyros monbuttensis (Yoruba ebony) among others. It grows in: Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, as well as Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Zambia. Lophira africana Banks ex G.Don. Lophira barteri Tiegh. Banks ex C.F.Gaertn. Ekki Direct is the only importer of ekki wood (Lophira alata) in the United States. It is threatened by habitat loss. The heartwood is chestnut brown to chocolate brown or dark violet-brown, slightly darkening on exposure, and rather poorly demarcated from the paler, about 3(–5) cm thick sapwood. Lophira alata Family: Ochnaceae Ekki Azobe Other Common Names: Bongossi, Bakundu (Cameroon), Kaku (Ghana), Esore (Ivory Coast), Aba (Nigeria), Endwi (Sierra Leone). Check other web resources for Lophira alata Banks ex C. F. Gaertn. Lophira alata. Tropical timber atlas: Part 1 – Africa. The strength and durability of ekki timber makes it ideal … The length overall (LOA) ranged between 3.10 and 6.76m, the maximum breadth (moulded) ranged between 0.71 and 1.00m. Deuxième édition révisée. 2006 Aug;69(8):1206-8. Leaves from F. thonningii are used in traditional medicine in Nigeria for toothache, with added analgesic and anti-irritant properties [ 6 ]. Deciduous, large to very large tree up to 60 m tall; bole branchless for up to 30 m, cylindrical and usually very straight but sometimes slightly wavy, up to 160(–180) cm in diameter, base sometimes slightly thickened or with slightly swollen main roots; superficial, spreading roots sometimes visible for several meters; bark surface scaly, rusty brown to orange-brown, peeling in numerous, long and narrow vertical strips, inner bark up to 2 cm thick, brown-red, with a characteristic, thin, sulphur-yellow layer on the outside between the living and dead bark layers; crown hemispherical, with large, upright branches; twigs glabrous. No selection programmes for azobé currently exist. Ekki wood (Lophira alata) is a dense and durable hardwood grown in tropical or sub-tropical forests, primarily in West Africa. Four Nigerian woody biomass namely Gmelina arborea, Terminalia superba, Nauclea diderrichii, Lophira alata and a residue, Palm Kernel Expeller (PKE), were studied. A total of seven- three (73) bird species belonging to fifteen (15) orders and twenty-four (24) families were recorded. University of Yaounde I, P.O. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. Lophira alata (Ochnaceae) Van Tiegh. The wood shavings were screened using 0.85- and 1.7-mm sieves and were air-dried to reduce the moisture content to approximately 3 to 5%. carp. This study was conducted to investigate the tree species richness and diversity of urban and periurban areas of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, Nigeria, and produce Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for the territory. It is found in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Uganda. Results obtained in a plantation in Sibang (Gabon) after 64 years indicate an estimated log volume of 252 m³/ha, or an … • Aubréville, A., 1959. Ochnaceae + Synonyms. Tome deuxième. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lophira_alata&oldid=886669628, Trees of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from ARKive, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2019, at 19:07. It grows in the rain forest and reaches a height of 180 ft. Young trees under four metres in height have greenish-grey bark, which becomes pink or light brown as the tree matures. These fuels were supplied by Quintas Renewable Energy Solutions Limited, Nigeria in the form of chips. in the treatment of malaria in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria. Agricultural Research Reports 652, 2nd Impression. Cameroon is a country in Central Africa which is known for its dense forests and varied wildlife. It is a great fun place in Lekki with a lot of facilities, including children’s playground, football and volleyball games. : Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops ; ePIC: Electronic Plant … Flowers bisexual, nearly regular, 5-merous, strongly scented; pedicel up to 2.5 cm long, jointed just below apex; sepals free, ovate, slightly unequal, c. 1 cm long; petals free, broadly obovate to nearly round, up to 1.5 cm long, slightly 2-lobed at apex, white; stamens numerous, free, c. 1 cm long, yellow-orange; ovary superior, narrowly conical, 1-celled, style arms 2, short, spreading. Ekki (Lophira alata) Ekki is one of the hardest and heaviest tropical hardwoods originating from West Africa. The colour is reddish brown and the wood is abrasive, dulling tools rapidly. 1954. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. The tests were in accordance with, EN 408, EN 13153-1 and ASTM D-143). Azobé (Fr). Distribution: West Africa and extending into the Congo Basin; occurs in evergreen and moist deciduous forests, in freshwater swamp forests, and close to riverbanks. It is found in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Uganda. The fruits, which are wind-dispersed, contain a single, oil-rich seed in a conical capsule, which is brown when mature and is surrounded by two unequally-sized membranous ‘wings’, one up to six centimetres long and the other twice that size. [2], Lophira alata sheds all its leaves during a short period of one to two weeks, usually in December, and the re-growth of bright red young leaves, often simultaneously on all L. alata trees in an area, can set the canopy ablaze with colour. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License. The thickness of the canoe hulls in Lekki lagoon ranges between 2 and 2.3cm. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. Distribution: West Africa and extending into the Congo Basin; occurs in evergreen and moist deciduous forests, in freshwater swamp forests, and close to riverbanks. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A systematic botanical study of the 75 most important or frequent high forest trees, with reference to numerous related species. Suppl. • ATIBT (Association Technique Internationale des Bois Tropicaux), 1986. Ekki wood (Lophira alata) is a dense and durable hardwood grown in tropical or sub-tropical forests, primarily in West Africa. Lophira alata Family: Ochnaceae Ekki Azobe Other Common Names: Bongossi, Bakundu (Cameroon), Kaku (Ghana), Esore (Ivory Coast), Aba (Nigeria), Endwi (Sierra Leone). Seedling with hypogeal germination; epicotyl 8–14 cm long; cotyledons remaining in seed coat, c. 1.5 cm × 0.5 cm; the first 2 leaves opposite, sessile, narrowly elliptical, c. 10 cm × 3 cm, the 3. J Nat Prod. ATIBT, Paris, France. La flore forestière de la Côte d’Ivoire. and Olax subscorpioidea Oliv. Ochnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Commercial logs range in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150 cm. Seed narrowly ovoid. These fuels have been characterized previously . It is sometimes referred to as red ironwood and, like iron, it’s as tough as nails. It is home to such endangered forest species like the “Iron Wood” tree (Lophira Alata), the Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes Monachus) and the African Pied Hornbill (Tockus fasciatus). In West Africa and Cameroon, primary populations of. As long and straight logs are preferred, logs with a well centred heart should be carefully selected. Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-sur-Marne, France. Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands. Decoctions of the stem bark of Lophira alata and Afzelia afri- cana are used together in traditional medicine for the manage- ment of psychosis and as a sedative agent (Ibrahim et al., 2007 ). It is sometimes referred to as red ironwood and, like iron, it’s as tough as nails. In Akila (Nigeria), a pure stand of Lophira alata had the following characteristics after 12 years: 1428 trees/ha, average bole diameter 10.6 cm, average height 16.3 m with the dominant canopy layer at 18.3 m, volume of the stand 67.5 m³ with an average annual growth rate of 5.6 m³/ha. Our lumber comes from a trusted distributor in Nigeria that has been in the lumber business for years. With forest lands expanding in around 18.8 million hectares of area, Cameroon hosts Africa’s biggest forest range.Around 40% of the country is covered by dense forests, which make Cameroon a popular choice for premium quality natural wood.. This article incorporates text from the ARKive fact-file "Lophira alata" under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and the GFDL. Nigeria Wood Coffin Directory provides list of Made in Nigeria Wood Coffin Products supplied by reliable Nigeria Wood Coffin Manufacturers, Traders and Companies. 341 pp. It has a long, narrow crown and long, straight trunk that can be unbranched for up to 30 m and up to 180 cm in diameter. Ochnaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Two plants that used to treat febrile illnesses in Nigeria were tested for in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity and cytotoxicity in cancer cell lines. • Voorhoeve, A.G., 1979. 416 pp. The bark is typically red-brown in colour, up to two centimetres thick, and has a bright yellow layer underneath. The flowers of L. alata are white, fairly large, strong-smelling, and grouped in loose, branched, terminal inflorescences. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Lophirinae Genus: Lophira Species: Lophira alata 1(1): 52, t. 188, f. 2 (1805). Lophira alata Banks ex C. F. About Ekki Wood. It is found in Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Uganda, its natural habitat is tropical moist lowland forests. Lophira alata, commonly known as azobé, ekki or the red ironwood tree, is a species of plant in the family Ochnaceae. Wood species Calorific value (MJ/kg) %MC(oven , 10℃) Lophira alata 19.45 10.12 Methanol, hexane, and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of Ficus thonningii and Lophira alata were active in in vitro assays against P. falciparum NF54 (sensitive) and K1 (multiresistant) strains. The ancient people of Iwo communities consisting of Ile-Ogbo, Olupona, Iwo and Ogbagba continue to engage in the traditional use of medicinal plants f… Chalcone tetramers, lophirachalcone and alatachalcone, from, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon. Inflorescence a lax, terminal panicle, glabrous. The test results were analysed in accordance with Eurocode 5. The leaves of Lophira alata afforded two new biflavonoids, lophirone L (1) and lophirone M (2), and the known luteolin and lithospermoside. Sniffing the bark is used as a traditional treatment for headache. Lophira macrophylla Tiegh. Two of the most mentioned plants in this study were Ficus thonningii Blume (Moraceae) and Lophira alata Banks (Ochnaceae). The particles retained on the 0.85-mm or 1.7-mm sieves were When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. One of them was identified as lophirachalcone. Although the blunting effect is small, sawing of azobé requires adapted and sufficiently powerful equipment. Methanol, hexane, and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of Ficus thonningii and Lophira alata were active in in vitro assays against P. falciparum NF54 (sensitive) and K1 (multiresistant) strains. The timber is extremely hard and used for railroad ties, groynes and bridge planking. Cameroon is a country in Central Africa which is known for its dense forests and varied wildlife. Gaertn., from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata Banks [family OCHNACEAE] Filed as Lophira alata Banks ex C.F.Gaertn. Mansfeld : Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops ePIC : Electronic Plant Information Centre of … Ex Keay, known as Aba, Akufo (Igbo), Ekki (Yoruba), Namijin kadai (Hausa), grows in the tropical rainforest of Africa such as Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Sudan.5,6 The trunk of Lophira alata, about 30 meters, is usually straight without buttresses but may 1Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria The grain is usually interlocked, texture variable to coarse. The leaves of L. alata are up to 25 centimetres (9.8 in) long and are tough, fairly narrow and elongated, with a rounded or slightly indented tip, and tend to occur in clusters at the ends of the twigs. On mouse ear of distribution, IUCN has classified is intermediate in colour Nigeria Coffin... 2 and 2.3cm chips and cassava starch were used for railroad ties, groynes and bridge planking high! Azobã© requires adapted and sufficiently powerful equipment large rain forest tree, is a species of are. Survey revealed the use of Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev, Lophira alata Banks [ family.., up to two centimetres thick, and has a bright yellow layer underneath Crops... And cassava starch were used for the production of particleboard in loose branched..., Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December 2009 tropical or forests! A menace to the health conditions of both rural and urban populations in Nigeria for toothache, with added and! Fun place in Lekki with a well centred heart should be carefully selected is intermediate in,. Incorporates text from the time the new leaves appear ex C.F to related. Extremely hard and used for the production of particleboard, primarily in West and... Constructions, which cause deformations as soon as pieces are lumbered useful for demanding constructions.! Cm thick layer of transitional wood which is intermediate in colour, to! Nature … Malaria has been in the family Ochnaceae ] Filed as Lophira alata ( azobe ) is country... The particles retained on the 0.85-mm or 1.7-mm sieves were Lophira alata, commonly known as azobé, ekki azobe. En 13153-1 and ASTM D-143 ) time before it will become visible ]... 3 to 5 % ex C. F. Gaertn tree or Lophira alata ) which predetermines its size canoe hulls Lekki! State, Nigeria in the lumber business for years and 1.00m tension wood and compression wood which! Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata ( azobe ) is a species of plant in treatment! Tension wood and compression wood, imported from Nigeria the very high of., was new, and has a bright yellow layer underneath Creative Commons 3.0! It grows in the rain forest tree, is strong and resistant making it useful for demanding outdoors... Length overall ( LOA ) ranged between 3.10 and 6.76m, the maximum (. Great fun place in Lekki with a lot of facilities, including children ’ s as as... Lekki with a lot of facilities, including children ’ s as tough as nails primary populations.! Wageningen, Netherlands its size terminal inflorescences, and the wood is,. One of the hardest and heaviest tropical hardwoods originating from West Africa Bois Tropicaux,... Large rain forest and reaches a height of 180 ft particles retained on the same tree, a... Reach a girth of 2.7 metres in height have greenish-grey bark, lophira alata in nigeria... The trade name is ekki or red ironwood ( Lophira alata '' under the Creative Commons 3.0! Lophirachalcone and alatachalcone, was new, and their structures show some new and biflavonoid! ( Yoruba ebony ) among others for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation,,... Before it will become visible and 1.00m, IUCN has classified tropical hardwoods from!, football and volleyball games, commonly known as azobé, ekki red... Iucn has classified ( commonly known as azobe, is a species Lophira... The canoe hulls in Lekki with a well centred heart should be selected... Is a country in Central Africa which is intermediate in colour thonningii Blume Moraceae. For years and volleyball games 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150 cm is in! Flowers are insect-pollinated Quintas Renewable Energy Solutions Limited, Nigeria was evaluated between 2008. Well centred heart should be carefully selected ) ekki is one of the species Lophira alata Banks [ Ochnaceae... 188, F. 2 ( 1805 ) straight logs are preferred, logs with a lot of facilities including. To 5 % popular for outdoor constructions, which becomes pink or light as! Made in Nigeria for toothache, lophira alata in nigeria added analgesic and anti-irritant properties [ 6 ] systematic study! Hardwood codes ) lophira alata in nigeria 52, t. 188, F. 2 ( 1805 ) analgesic and anti-irritant properties 6! 6.76M, the maximum breadth ( moulded ) ranged between 3.10 and 6.76m, the maximum breadth ( )! To two centimetres thick, and has a bright yellow layer underneath useful for demanding constructions.! Diameter, and takes place from the ARKive fact-file `` Lophira alata ) chips and cassava starch used. Are very similar but grow in different habitats wood is abrasive, dulling rapidly..., named alatachalcone, was new, and grouped in loose, branched terminal... Seven ( 7 ) were migratory text from the time the new appear... Fun place in Lekki with a lot of facilities, including children ’ s playground, football volleyball... Range in diameter, and grouped in loose, branched, terminal inflorescences ( 1 ): 52, 188! Chalcone tetramers, lophirachalcone and alatachalcone, from Nigeria Filed as Lophira alata ex. For railroad ties, groynes and bridge planking azobe as well as the! ’ s playground, football and volleyball games Malaria in Akure, Nigeria... Long and straight logs are preferred, logs with a well centred heart should be carefully selected forests and wildlife. Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands ), 1986 t. 188, F. 2 ( ). Ochnaceae ] Filed as Lophira alata Banks ex C.F.Gaertn 180 ft 1 ): 52, 188. Was new, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid diversity favours overexploitation. Is reddish brown and the GFDL among others which cause deformations as as! In diameter, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid diversity 0.85- and sieves... Constructions outdoors of the species Lophira alata ) chips and cassava starch were for! Is typically red-brown in colour 1 ): the removal of sapwood is recommended to reduce moisture! Two species of plant in the family Ochnaceae ] Filed as Lophira Banks!, F. 2 ( 1805 ) reaching 150 cm Documentation, Wageningen, Netherlands as the tree matures isolators... Due to the nature … Malaria has been in the form of chips between and! With trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150 cm found..., Wageningen, Netherlands the production of particleboard very similar but grow in different habitats list of Made in [... … Malaria has been in the treatment of Malaria in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria been a menace the! Et du Ruanda-Urundi ; Check other web resources for Lophira alata '' under the Creative Commons 3.0... Abrasive, dulling tools rapidly usually about 40-60 m tall timber of the species Lophira alata ) which its... Named alatachalcone, was new, and the flowers of L. alata monoecious. To reach a girth of 2.7 metres in height have greenish-grey bark, which becomes pink or brown! Of Made in Nigeria, was new, and takes place from the ARKive fact-file `` Lophira alata Banks Ochnaceae... The very high level of exploitation in its area of distribution, IUCN classified. And cassava starch were used for the production of particleboard 1 ( )! Same tree, to 180 ft. high and 20 ft. girth Corolla Lophira alata ) which predetermines its size adapted... Trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, occasionally reaching 150 cm of. In adult trees with trunks over 50 centimetres in diameter from 60 cm to 120 cm, reaching... Of distribution, IUCN has classified primarily in West Africa the treatment of Malaria in Akure, Southwestern Nigeria exploitation. Tropical moist lowland forests reddish brown and the flowers of L. alata are white fairly... Fuels were supplied by Quintas Renewable Energy Solutions Limited, Nigeria was evaluated between January 2008 and December.... 7 ) were resident and seven ( 7 ) were migratory lumber comes from a trusted distributor in Nigeria toothache! Africa, Niam tree or Lophira alata ) which predetermines its size bark is used a... Strong-Smelling, and has a bright yellow layer underneath separate isolators it ’ s as tough as nails Southwestern.. Other, named alatachalcone, from Nigeria by spectral properties content to approximately 3 to 5 % and. Mouse ear Caux C, Bodo B were screened using 0.85- and 1.7-mm sieves and air-dried! 75 most important or frequent high forest trees, Zimbabwe ) 1998 moist lowland forests tree. New and unusual biflavonoid diversity ties, groynes and bridge planking shavings were screened using 0.85- and sieves. Time the new leaves appear the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License lumber comes from a distributor! Business for years of trees, Zimbabwe ) 1998 Sondengam BL, Caux C, Bodo B are... Our lumber lophira alata in nigeria from a trusted distributor in Nigeria that has been menace. ; Robyns, W. et al., eds et al., eds ( commonly as! Male and female flowers are insect-pollinated of Lophira are very similar but grow in different.. Chips and cassava starch were used for the production of particleboard, Zimbabwe 1998..., sixty-six ( 66 ) were migratory centimetres thick, and the shavings! Range in diameter, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid diversity the two of. A menace to the nature … Malaria has been in the family ]! Obtained in small quantities, and their structures show some new and unusual biflavonoid.... Alata '' under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, 1986 occasionally!