Introduction. (�� (PDF) Coral reef resource management in the Philippines - with focus on marine protected areas as a management tool. An important viewpoint on artificial reefs In the Philippines was provided to the workshop by Dr. Angel C. Alcala, Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the Government of the Philippines, who set up the first artificial reef in the Philippines in Dumaguete in 1977. 1 0 obj In: Proceedings of the 5th Indo-Pacific Fisheries Conference, Nouméa, 1997. With approximately 9,600 square miles of reef systems, the country ranks third worldwide in terms of coral reef area, following Indonesia and Australia. Plankton is the food for corals. 4 0 obj The weighted average hard coral cover (HCC) was 22.8% (±1.2 SE) and coral generic diversity averaged 14.5 (±0.5 SE). Main ideas: » Coral reefs in the Philippines are home to some of J(��(��(��(��(�26�㡡��1�r�RE���VQF�. Watch carefully and you’ll see order in the mix. (��QL�(�EPE-% QE h���Q@��(��(��(��(��(��(�aE� �RQ@IKI@IE R�Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@�� QIE -Q@�� QE QIE -�� QIE -�P�IE endobj (�� Kochzius M (1999) Interrelation of ichthyofauna from a seagrass meadow and coral reef in the Philippines. The Philippines is known to be at the global center of marine biodiversity, and is an integral part of the Coral Triangle. endobj 2018) but to food security (Cabral and Geronimo 2018) and shoreline protection … It takes a coral reef 5 years to grow one inch. At first, a coral reef looks like a moving mosaic. (�� Municipal coral reef fisheries contribute to around 10-20% of the total municipal fisheries production in the Philippines (Murdy and Ferraris 1980). endobj Coral reefs are degrading worldwide, due to drivers directly or indirectly linked to human activities (Smith et al., 2016; Graham et al., 2017; Hughes et al., 2017).More recent impacts of anthropogenic climate change on coral reefs include temperature-related coral bleaching and severe storm … area of the coral reefs in the country. 49. Keywords: climate change, coral cover, coral reefs, diversity, monitoring *Corresponding Author: wilfredo.licuanan@dlsu.edu.ph Coral reefs are significant to the Philippines, not just in terms of their contribution to the economy (Tamayo et al. A country of more than 7,000 islands, the Philippines is one of the most coral-rich areas in the world. 1. P�Bl (��?���R8�b�!ߛ{+�Ĕq��ΉT�Ԓ'��\��� Y����M�z��Y�E#�����ʢ��̣{X����k�3�K 7��\��(��d��tSl#Ê��"Ҭ̚��tٶY]ª���ڬ�H��A�uF"y�R���Ҙ;�l�'��U(i�N�-����RRhg�����6�F������`�B��Ğc6��h֘�@�H�P�1��Qww�u�'j�ud��2Y)���Q� It continues the general thematic approaches outlined in the three-volume Coral Reefs of the World by the United Nations Environment Program-International Union for Conservation (�� <> JZ( ��( ��� )h�� Artificial reefs are one of the manage- <> ���� JFIF ` ` �� C �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� )(���� )i(����� In the Philippines, coral reefs have been slowly dying over the past 30 years. Estimated coral reef areas (red lines) Investigation of Coral Reef Resources of the Philippines (1976-1981) •nationwide assessment of coral reefs •>500 reef sites surveyed •produced the quartile benchmark standard (i.e., poor: 0-24.9%, fair:25-49%, good: 50-74%, excellent:75-100% live coral cover) <> (�� The provinces of Palawan, Mindoro (Oriental and Occidental), and Batangas, contribute the largest coastal tourism revenues associated with coral reefs. Both were highest in the fully-formed reefs of the Sulu Sea biogeographic region and lowest in the eastern Philippines. 2,3,4,5 Already endangered by direct human activity, these reefs are under additional pressure from global warming. Only 5% of corals in the Philippines are considered to be in excellent condition. Moorea: Antenne Museum-Ephe. 6 0 obj (���Q@��(�aIKE %Q@��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(�AEP0��( ��( ��( ���� Key Facts. (�� In Tan-awan, Oslob, Philippines, whale sharks are attracted to the shallow reefs where they are provisioned up to 50 tons y−1 of feed and this phenomenon in turn attracts … (�� As to actual problems of Philippine coral reefs, one of the This is mostly due to the increasing … (�� Our house reef, based about 20 meters from where you will stay, is one of the best dive sites in the Philippines. This is your chance to help protect this vibrant ecosystem. (�� In a situationer on coral reefs of Southeast Asia (Gomez 1980}, I outlined the problems of reefs in the region. endobj ôl,Ì|Üfec<>«´ÿ æҎœQÖ'ùj܌„…„é$’jå$’I)I$’JQ0$¯:úÏÖ]ÕóQýCéžî7|ø¥úéՎKôjt_–MmŽC. 06 Philippine Coral Reef Educator Guide California Academy of Sciences c. key concepts Philippine Coral Reef The more you watch, the more you’ll see. Coral reefs cover approximately 26,000 square kilometers (10,039 square miles) around the Philippines. <> ]c\RbKSTQ�� C''Q6.6QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ�� ��" �� The World Atlas of Coral Reefs, compiled by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), reported that 97 percent of reefs in the Philippines are under threat from destructive fishing techniques, including cyanide poisoning, over-fishing, or from … %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� �j��E��p'��E~���+������F���H��(l�X��!�$���L �JB �!LH�Rj+O��o�K���������H?���� n�_���vg�"�_.� Reefs in the Philippines boast 421 of the 577 known species of coral. (���(���� (�� (�� }eaL|����n�l�R�*̭KND.�j_��#8ǭ0 ��{f!���qH,&(���qE-J(�� Reef-based tourism has been developing rapidly in recent decades yet its impacts on reef ecosystems are often overlooked. Coral reef ecosystems cover only 1% of the ocean, but 25% of marine creatures live in them. (�� This Mission aims to document the myriad coral species found in Philippine waters, in order to afford an appreciation of the diversity and beauty of the ocean's rainforest; and to somehow provide a view of the … %PDF-1.5 The Philippines has approximately 27,000 square kilometers of coral reefs. The Philippine Coral Reef, the gateway to our larger Coral Reefs of the World exhibit, highlights waters known as the center of marine biodiversity—an area of unbelievable beauty and importance.From the main museum floor, gaze over a shallow, sandy lagoon inhabited by giant rays, and schools of fish. Hence, a nationwide assessment was initiated in 2014 to update the information on the status of coral reefs in the Philippines. endobj Printed in: Manila, Philippines October 2013 For more information on the six-nation Coral Triangle Initiative, please contact: Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF) Interim Regional Secretariat Directorate General of Marine, Coastal and Small Islands Affairs Ministry of Marine Affairs and … Russ GR, Alcala AC, Maypa AP, Calumpong P, White AT (2004) Marine reserve … (��QH�(�AES ��( ��)(��b Indonesia and the Philippines contain about 77% of the regions coral reef systems, and with 98% of the Philippine coral reefs seriously threatened by human activities, it is obvious that there needs to be serious changes to … Based off the tourist track in Sogod Bay, Southern Leyte, at our project site in the small village of Napantao, you'll live meters from Napantao Fish Sanctuary, an area offering some of the best reefs in Southern Leyte.The sanctuary is a coral-taxonomist's dream, with near 50% coral cover, and is home to an astounding … 2,3,6,18 The Philippines lies within the Coral Triangle, which includes more than 75 percent of all coral … x����o�@��#���eZ��+w����bZ�!1��*i�M�$�_�} +�LCUs��g�|��a @p!�TJ8pJ@l�Y|:�2Ɨ��&$����J��A��$n��� i�>�;L��a���2�,�W�g㩅o��y�t_��0�;����@� Olly McGuiness may struggle getting a good cup of coffee in this remote part of the southern Philippines, but his view from the office makes up for it. (��EP0��( ��( ��( ��( ��((����(�AEPEPEPE% �QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE %�PR�E 5 0 obj (�� park managers who need to describe coral reefs or document changes in them over time. (�� The coral reefs of the Philippines—the second-largest in Southeast Asia—support hundreds of species of corals and fish. The World Wildlife Fund estimates that the “economic cost over a 25-year period of destroying one kilometer of coral reef is somewhere” between $137,000 and $1,200,000. Although no book can substitute for a hands-on training program or on-site assistance from someone experienced in the technique you want to learn, the need for coral reef monitoring is urgent and the number of "experts" is still small. JZJ (��QE QE �R�E%- %-% R�Q@E% �RQ@Q@-%- QI@-% �RR�IE R�R�QKI@Q@Q@IE QE QE- %Q@Q@Q@�dRb� Atlas of the Philippine Coral Reefs - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. THE YEAR IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION BIOLOGY, 2009 Coral Reefs Threats and Conservation in an Era of Global Change Bernhard Riegl,a Andy Bruckner,b Steve L. Coles,c Philip Renaud,b and Richard E. Dodgea aNational Coral Reef Institute, Nova Southeastern University, Dania, Florida, USA bKhaled Bin Sultan Living … stream (�� (���Q@Q@%-% QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE ��PE� QE QE- ��� QE- %Q@E%- �Q@Q@Q@Q@��(�c���� (�� )i( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��()i)h(�� ZJ(��(��(��(��(����� Scientists have identified 915 reef fish species and more than 400 scleractinian coral species, 12 of which are endemic. Figure 1 – A map showing the global distribution of warm and cold water coral reefs (WWF - Coral Reefs, 2016) It is estimated that almost 20% of the global coral reefs show severe levels of degradation and a further 15% are thought to be at risk of imminent degradation (Edwards, 2010). PHILIPPINE CORAL REEFS . 2 0 obj 3 0 obj 15 Philippine Aquaculture Output by Culture Environment 41 16 Foreign Tourist Arrivals, 2009–2011 43 17 10 Busiest Philippine Port Management Offices, 2009 45 18 Level of Exploitation and Fish Biomass in Coral Reefs in the Philippines 50 19 Actual Live Exports of Groupers from Palawan Compared to Estimated Many tourist establishments in the Philippines do not emphasize how people’s behavior around coral reefs can greatly affect reef health.Tourism has the potential to promote reef conservation but instead, in these current circumstances, it is contributing to the overall decline of coral reef health. (�� endstream (�� <>/XObject<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> With more than 9,600 square miles of reef systems, the Philippines are home to nearly 9 percent of the world's total reef area. (�� <> (���Q@��( �����(��(��(��E6);%-BbQE(�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�PEPEP ��(QE QE QE(��QE QE (�� Over the years, however, coral reefs began to vanish. ví°Ä–pññiÕ\M ×)$’IJI$’R’I$”¤’I%)$3sqð1Ÿ•’í•V%Ç¿Ày”Ë'&ŒZ]~Eª¦ sÜ`.¬}vËÌsñú@ô);!Ú§ôÉωñC¯­@ӆŽ÷¥9Çõ¥ø0eÎ# k3˞l°›lv®²Â`ü¹?5a˜­H“åÀû‚)nœð¤ƒðî«K,äu-Id”º±Öޔ'ÚÎcðKR9Ñ0×IL²VZÛL–ˆQ44 \¸¢Ço¼$tðDJ@î‘":´ŸŒêˆ¶©­àèúçB>’ßèÿ ]rñhêߧ èܖêàòO`ü³Ô3ãæd4:¾—••K/DZ¶Õ`–½¦AE^eÒzÖ_BÈÝYu˜o?§Çwo1à| stream Atlas of Philippine Coral Reefs Philreefs series of publications Issue 322 of UPMSI contribution: Contributor: Coral Reef Information Network of the Philippines: Publisher: Goodwill Trading Co., Inc., 2002: ISBN: 9711202506, 9789711202507: Length: 264 pages : Export Citation: BiBTeX EndNote RefMan (�� As generations of corals die, the lime skeletons of the dead micro organisms will build-up the coral reefs. bleaching. The Atlas of Philippine Coral Reefs is part of a continuing series of updates on the state of reefs in the Philippines. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? That report was used as the basis of a paper on the coral reef degradation in Southeast Asia (Yap and Gomez 1985b). The Philippine archipelago is well known for its species-rich coral reefs, yet updated information on the present status of its coral reefs at the national level is lacking. Corals can be animal, mineral, … (���(��(��(��(��(��(��ZJ (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (��� JZ(���� ))h���(h�� JZ)(h����J(i)h��(����� (�� (�� !(!0*21/*.-4;K@48G9-.BYBGNPTUT3? 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