Idaho Fish and Game. University of Madison Press Madison, WI. Schmid, J.C. Underhill. Freshwater fishes of South Carolina. Chesapeake Science 17(3):205-211. Moyle, P.B. Blue Catfish has been stocked to feed on the introduced Asian clam, http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt8p30069f&brand=calisphere, http://www.igfa.org/records/Fish-Records.aspx?LC=ATR&Fish=Catfish,%20blue, http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/18765, US Fish and Wildlife Service Ecological Risk Screening Summary for. Blue Catfish. Like all catfish, it has whisker-like barbels, or fleshy growths, on its face. Humans have not domesticated this fish in any way. Accessed 7 March 2012. However, they are known to exceed 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length and 100 kilograms (220 lb) in weight. Foltz, and J.M. They prefer habitats with deep waters and flowing currents. Zoogeography of the fishes of the lower Ohio-upper Mississippi basin. The good news is that blue catfish are delicious, and are now easy to find in restaurants and grocery stores in and around the Chesapeake Bay area. 1996). Here’s The Story Of That 102 Pound James River Blue Cat. Florida Museum of Natural History Special Publication 1:1-284. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. A 4-ounce serving of blue catfish includes 19 grams … Since their introduction in Virginia waters in the 1970s, blue catfish populations have exploded. New York, NY. Recognized for their large bodies that can weigh up to 100 pounds (45kg), blue catfish can reach two to five feet in length (600 to 1500mm). or more. Arizona Fish and Game Department. Some people eat these fish, and some practice catch and release. Blue Catfish prefer deep, swift channels and flowing pools (Jenkins and Burkhead 1994), and large individuals often are found in tailwaters below dams where currents are swift and substrates consist of sand, gravel, and rock (Mettee et al. 1915. Florida striped bass. LAKE MONTICELLO | BIG BLUE CATFISH. Blue cats are legendary fish known far and wide for their size and power. Yaqui fishes recovery plan. Smaller individuals eat mostly plankton and other tiny organisms. However, they can also live in brackish water ecosystems with a mixture of fresh and saltwater. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The Siluriformes order contains the thousands of different species of catfish on Earth. You can even find them in waters 2-10 feet deep coming out to prey on smaller fish with a vengeance. The male builds a nest, and uses pheromones to attract a female. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. 1978; Graham 1999) report that the species was introduced between 1898 and 1905, it appears that statement is based on misidentified I. punctatus (Burkhead et al. 1996, Graham et al. Howells, R. G. 1990a. † Populations may not be currently present. 1976. It is the user's responsibility to use these data consistent with their intended purpose and within stated limitations. 1980), or if any of those fish actually were I. furcatus, the introduction failed. Unfortunately, the relatively low mortality rate, large body size, wide range of species preyed upon, and success as a predator has resulted in the blue catfish being considered a problematic invasive species in Virginia. 227 pp. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. Stauffer, J.R., Jr., C.H. White. Tilapia predation by blue and channel catfish in two Texas power plant reservoirs. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson. The fishes of Oklahoma. A list of the fishes of New Jersey, with off-shore species. A blue catfish will also have 30 -36 anal fin rays. Oregon State University Bookstores, Corvallis, OR. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento, CA. Blue Catfish, (Ictalurus furcatus), is the largest species of catfish in North America.Now wonder this fellow can reach a length of 165 cm (65 in) and a weight of 70 kg (155 lb). 1996. Some of the different types of habitats that they occupy include deep rivers, lakes, streams, estuaries, and more. While their preferred ecosystems have sandy bottoms, they also enjoy areas with piles of rocks to shelter near. Blue Catfish are often confused with channel catfish (, 165 cm (maximum length); 40-50 kg (Graham et al. The Blue Catfish is a species in the large taxonomic order Siluriformes. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables. Dill, W.A., and A.J. Adults usually grow to be less than two feet long, but can be as long as five feet and weigh more than 100 pounds. 1999) which is a strategy associated with animals that have high colonization success. Native range data for this species provided in part by. 1967. Anderson’s monster blue catfish was taken to Mecklenburg Farm Supply in Chase City Virginia because it was the only place within the area that had scales large enough to perform the official weigh in. Fishes of Arizona. The freshwater Potomac: aquatic communites and environmental stresses. 1994. Lee, D.S., A. Norden, C.R. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. The similarities between the two can make it difficult to tell them apart, but, with experience, a fisherman will be able to identify them both with a quick glance. 1952. Scavenged items were typically fishes and fish scales, but also included small mammals, birds, and turtles. The fish was certified at 143 pounds with a length of 57 inches and a girth of 47 inches. What we do know for sure is that they can grow close to 150 lbs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. My bait of choice for Channels are smaller size sunfish or jumbo shiners fished on a standard bait holder hook in a 2/0 or 3/0 size. They are great fighters for their size and make excellent table fare as well. The coming of the pond fishes. Biological investigations of flathead catfish in the Cape Fear River. 1999). The average size of the species is about 1.2–1.6 m (3.9–5.2 ft), and fish more than 2 metres (6.6 ft) are rare. Pages 161-212 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. After she has laid her eggs, the male fertilizes them. Miller, R.J., and H.W. Burr, B.M., and L.M. Hocutt, and D.S. Oxmoor House, Inc. Birmingham, AL. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN. First list of the fishes of the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland. Introductions of freshwater fishes in Georgia. Humans have also introduced this species to South Carolina, Virginia, Illinois, and more. Many rivers and reservoirs with I. furcatus populations have only mud or silt substrate. Fishes of Wisconsin. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. Blacksburg, VA. Lampman, B.H. Biology and Life History: The blue catfish is the largest freshwater sport fish found in Texas. 1972. As they grow, they prey on insects, worms, larvae, clams, and small fish. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. Groups have dominance hierarchies and fight with one another quite frequently. 1978. Larger females lay more eggs, and the average clutch contains about 10,000 eggs or so. Bulletin of the South Carolina Experimental Station 580:1-9. Pages 287-324 in Hocutt, C.H., and E.O. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. IGFA. Barkuloo, J.M. Edmund W. Stiles, Somerset, NJ. These fish have social behavior, but they do not school in large numbers like some other species do. Colorado Game, Fish and Parks Division, Denver, CO. Fowler, H.W. At the other end of the Catfish family scale are the Blue Catfish and Flathead Catfish, which can grow to more than 100 pounds and four to five feet long. 1999) Native Range: … There have been unconfirmed reports of blue catfish the size of a grown man. Hocutt, C.H., R.E. (pounds) … As more people find out how tasty blue catfish is--similar to striped bass or rockfish because it eats similar things--the number of places that sell blue catfish may grow. Stocking of predators in the predator-stocking-evaluation reservoirs. On December 13, 2014 I caught the largest blue catfish of my life. John Wiley and Sons. Pages 43-117 in The distributional history of the biota of the Southern Appalachians–Part III. 1994. This species reaches impressive lengths. Rohde, F.C., R.G. California Fish and Game 56(4):311--312. Jenkins, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr. 1986. 1998. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH. Enjoying Blue Catfish. 1976. Jenkins, R.E., and N.M. Burkhead. The Peterson Field Guide Series, volume 42. Possession Limit: No statewide limit Size limit: No statewide length limits Exceptions to the limits above: On Lakes Marion and Moultrie and the upper reach of the Santee River, the Congaree River, and the Wateree River only 1 blue catfish larger than 36 inches may be taken and there is a no fish limit. In the lower Mississippi River, across all habitats their diets were composed of 47% fishes (more than 15 identifiable species), 15% molluscs, 12% chironomids and oligochaetes, 7% detritus/plant matter, 6% decapods, 6% scavenging, and 1% terrestrial arthropods (Eggleton and Schramm Jr. 2004). Hatch, and M. Sublette. Fishes of Idaho. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. It’s a fact that a 143 lb. Gainesville, Florida. Phillips, G.L., W.D. They can be found in the Missouri River near Bismarck, North Dakota (Fuller and Neilson 2013). 1973. Contact us if you are using data from this site for a publication to make sure the data are being used appropriately and for potential co-authorship if warranted. Rohde, F.C., R.G. 4: 75-93. 1981. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission Fishery Bulletin 4. 1978. Fishes of Georgia - Georgia Museum of Natural History, University of Georgia. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM. Size: 165 cm (maximum length); 40-50 kg (Graham et al. Becker, G.C. It’s not uncommon when fishing for blue catfish to catch fish that average 4-6 lbs in size with numerous larger fish mixed in, while this typically cannot be said of the channel cats in Texas. Maurakis. 1994. Type catalogue of recent and fossil North American freshwater fishes: families Cyprinidae, Catostomidae, Ictaluridae, Centrarchidae, and Elassomatidae. Menhinick, E.F. 1991. A catfish is easily distinguished from other species of fish because of their smooth, scaleless bodies. Smith, P.W. This versatile species occupies primarily freshwater habitats. Lachner, and F.J. Schwartz. For channel catfish, a good size tends to be 2/0 or 3/0, but you may go up or down if necessary. The whiskers, known as barbels, are … Despite the name, this species is not drastically blue in color. With their high reproductive rate and swift growth, their numbers remain stable and the IUCN lists the species as Least Concern. So you can also catch them under pole floats or with bait on a Santee Cooper Rig. Page, L.M., and B.M. The aquariums also provide a number of large branches and similar structures for the fish to shelter near. or more. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN. 1911. They want people to understand the effects of blue catfish on the Bay and to know that they are delicious and nutritious. At night. However, the average individual measures about 2 ft. long and weighs about 5 lbs. In fish farms in Mississippi Delta, 95% survive after winter with temperatures as low of 5.1°C (Bosworth 2012). 1946. In July 2009, a catfish weighing 88 kilograms (194 lb) was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by an 11-year-old British schoolgirl. Blue catfish are native to the Mississippi River basin. Fishes of the lower Potomac River. For a fisherman to be successful, they must learn about hook size and then determine the best catfish hook size for them. Proceedings of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 35(1981):607-621. Blue Catfish prefer open waters of large reservoirs and main channels, backwaters, and embayments of large, flowing rivers where water is normally turbid and substrate varies from gravel-sand to silt-mud (Burr and Warren 1986). Introduction of blue catfish into California. It is good practice to find the right line for the job, rather than just get the toughest line you can find. Nichols, and R.T. Rachels. Fish Bulletin 178. Their bodies appear bluish-silver and grey dorsally (on their back), silvery-white on their sides, and white ventrally (on their bellies). 1988. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. 1970. Update and analysis of fish occurrences in the lower Potomac River drainage in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland—Contribution XXXI to the natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. Recent additions to the fish fauna of the District of Columbia. Striped Bass, Hybrids & White Bass. Fishes of Pennsylvania. 1983. New York, NY. States with nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Binfords and Mort, Portland, OR. 1990. He continues to guard the nest until the young reach independence in a week or so. A list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. 1994. Bond, C.E. Lee, D.A., S.P. It takes between 3 and 6 days for the eggs to hatch. Loyacano, H.A., Jr. 1975. Rasmussen, J.L. Introductions in the Choctawhatchee River, Alabama, were due to flooding of a private lake in 1993 (Mettee et al. Illustration: Channel catfish 1992. Mekong Giant Catfish. The table contains hyperlinks to collections tables of specimens based on the states, years, and drainages selected. Burkhead, N.M, R.E. 1990. These fish have primarily carnivorous feeding habits, which means that they eat other animals. 1980. Seaman. 1981. Cooper, E.L. 1983. Catfishes are popular sport fish. The Blue Catfish has a deeply forked tail and typically has a bluish-gray body above, fading to white on its sides and belly. 1994. Introduced fishes in the San Luis Valley, Colorado. Robison. They grow much too large to keep in home aquariums. Catfish have a very keen sense of smell and taste. Fishes of the central Appalachian drainages: their distribution and dispersal. A review of the biology and management of blue catfish. Sims Printing Company, Inc., Phoenix, AZ. 1971. No, people do not keep this catfish species as a pet. In the Chesapeake Bay region, people consider this fish an invasive species. Bonvechio, T. Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Arndt, D.G. 1998. 1971. The fishes of West Virginia. Channel catfish are known for a specific look and a size as are blue catfish. Their preferred temperature is between 28 and 30°C. During the day, the fish remain in deep water away from the current. Coloration is usually slate blue faded to a white belly. Sources of introductions in Escambia and Yellow rivers of Florida are unknown (R. Cailteux, personal communication). History and status of introduced fishes in California, 1871-1996. Zoogeography of the fishes of the central Appalachians and central Atlantic coastal plain. The results supported significant relationships for salinity, month, and Blue Catfish size, with the exception of salinity for American Eel. Bean, B.A., and A.C. Weed. The female chooses the male with the best nest to lay her eggs in. St. Amant, L.J. Keys to Oregon freshwater fishes. Intentionally stocked for food and sport. Presumably these fish moved downstream into the Apalachicola in Florida. Anticipated Weight. At night big blue catfish will still make there way toward shallow waters. Vertebrates of New Jersey. Instead, its skin has more of a dark grey-blue coloration. When they reach about five years of age, these fish begin to reproduce yearly. … Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. The fishes of Ohio. http://www.igfa.org/records/Fish-Records.aspx?LC=ATR&Fish=Catfish,%20blue. Wiley, M.L. Striped Bass – 5 (except Lake Texoma) Striped Bass Hybrids – … Proceedings of the 30th annual conference of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners 30(1976):108--113. Other than sheer size, the other way to distinguish between a white catfish and a blue is to compare anal fin structure: white cats sport pronounced, rounded fins, while blues' fins appear more straight and squared off in the corners. Wiley, eds. Parnell. Adults measure anywhere between 2 and 5 ft. long, and weigh up to 100 lbs. Read on to learn about the Blue Catfish. Males generally are darker in color and have larger heads than the females. They inhabit river channels which have higher flows and harder substrates (i.e., gravel, boulders, rock rip rap), and floodplain lakes which have lower or no flows and softer substrates (i.e., silt, sand) (Eggleton and Schramm Jr 2004). Pages 435-452 in R.H. Stroud, ed. 2009. (2011) reported that young I. furcatus were increasing in number in the lower reaches of the Potomac, and that this species is established in river and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal up through the Plummers Island region. Kevin Davis is the owner of Blacks Camp, a premier lodging facility … [2020]. Page. McAtee, W.L., and A.C. Weed. It is the largest species of catfish in North America. It is reported that fish exceeding 350 pounds were landed from the … Guire, C.R., L.E. 1986. Freshwater fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Lake Monticello is an excellent big blue catfish lake that really begins to produce quality fish during October and the numbers and sizes actually continue to improve as fall progresses into winter. Many anglers prefer the same baits at night for blue catfish and prefer to go big with the baits and target the mega big blue catfish north of 75 pounds. No minimum size limit, and only one Blue Catfish may be greater than 32 inches: No daily creel limit for Blue Catfish less than 32 inches, and only one Blue Catfish may be greater than 32 inches: American Eel. http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt8p30069f&brand=calisphere. 1997. Response to NBS-G non-indigenous questionaire. Fishes of the Minnesota region. (pounds) Flathead catfish. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. Pierson. Starnes, W.C., J. Odenkirk, and M.J. Ashton. Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, NM. Instead, cut that bluegill in half for them. 1995. Anticipated Weight. We highly recommend reviewing metadata files prior to interpreting these data. U.S. It is being provided to meet the need for timely best science. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, PA. Dahlberg, M.D., and D.C. Scott. Guide Chris Simpson (864-992-2352) targets huge blue catfish and he has some specific ideas about big blue cats. Humans utilize this species for both recreational and commercial fishing practices. The anal fin is the most prominent feature of a Blue Catfish and has a straight outer edge (sometimes referred to as a “barber’s razor”) with 30–36 fin rays. 1979. This fish species is popular with anglers for its large size. Stauffer, J.R., Jr., J.M. The previous record of 130 lb. Although numerous authors (Bean and Weed 1911; McAtee and Weed 1915; Wiley 1970; Jenkins et al. 1991. Some aquariums house these large fish in their collections. In South Carolina, blue catfish are found in almost every drainage. Blue Catfish spawns in late spring to early summer at water temperatures of 21 to 25°C (Sublette et al. Lindquist, and J.F. Fish culture in fisheries management. Blue catfish are a favorite of many anglers. Proceedings of a symposium on the role of fish culture in fisheries management at Lake Ozark, MO, March 31-April 3, 1985. Jenkins, and E.G. It was caught in Kerr Lake, Virginia, in 2011. Everhart, W.H., and W.R. 1984). Adults hunt for fish, frogs, clams, insects, and more. Blue catfish larger than … The fishes of Illinois. The channel catfish is olive to light blue in color with black speckles on the sides, has a forked tail, whisker-like organs around the mouth, a broad flat head, and a slender body. Probably extirpated from the San Juan and Canadian drainages in New Mexico (Sublette et al. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Management Data Series 29, Austin, TX. Pages 44-54 in Flynn, K.C., and W.T. 2012. International Game Fish Association records. A blue cat as small as 4 inches in length may eat some fish, but most of the diet of smaller blue catfish is composed of small invertebrates. Related Video: Save . American Fisheries Society Symposium 24: 37-49. Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. John Wiley and Sons. They keep the fish in immense tanks with other catfish and compatible species. The harsh winters in their native and introduced range region make it likely Blue Catfish can survive low temperatures. Mettee, M.F., P.E. As night falls, they move to swiftly moving water to hunt for prey. Idaho Fish and Game. O'Neil, and J.M. University of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID. Alosines were most commonly encountered in large (28 to 40 inches) Blue Catfish diets in freshwater portions of the rivers examined, with highest predicted occurrence in the James and Rappahannock rivers. Cordone. Stiles, E.W. 1990). Average Length: 20 - … Catfish feed more by taste and touch than by sight. Catfish: Channel, blue, their hybrids & subspecies Daily Bag: 25 in any combination Minimum Length: 12 inches. Fisheries Management Plan 1991-1995. Fishes of Arkansas. Richmond, VA. The fishes of New Mexico. 1984. For example, if you are fishing for giant blue or flathead catfish, you will want a 50- to 80-pound line to be safe. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. Recent electrofishing studies hav… Richardson, W.M., J.A. Blues can exceed 100 pounds. Quattro. Learn more about what makes this catfish unique, below. 1999). 2011. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Ictalurus furcatus are found here. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24:171-174. Established in most locations. Pritchard, D.L., O.D. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. Established in the Chattahoochee River in Alabama and Georgia (Ober, personal communication), the Apalachicola and Escambia rivers in Florida (R. Cailteux, personal communication). Its smooth skin lacks scales. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. A CLIMATCH analysis included in the USFWS risk assessment for Blue Catfish found that the climate of the Great Lakes Basin closely matches the climate of their current range (Australian Bureau of Rural Sciences 2008).This species migrates toward warmer waters during winter and to cooler waters during summer (Graham 1999). If you catch a 4-inch bluegill, that is the perfect size to be fish live for both largemouth bass and flathead catfish but it is way too big for most channel and blue catfish. Graham, K. 1999. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124(4):280-309. If you’re looking for an easy and interesting option for a mid to large size aquarium, consider the beautiful black and white Spotted Raphael Catfish! This species is found in South Carolina Department of Natural Resources’ public fishing lakes and large impoundments such as lakes Wateree, Marion and Moultrie. Size 4/0 or 5/0 Kahle hooks should work well for blue catfish that weighs 10 pounds and more, while 2/0 or 3/0 hooks tend to work well with lighter catfish. was held by a man who caught his trophy blue … However, the average individual measures about 2 ft. long and weighs about 5 lbs. Treble Hook Jenkins, R.E., E.A. Sublette, J.E., M.D. Gilbert, and R. Franz. North Texas is fortunate to have a number of different lakes that have excellent populations of blue catfish of all sizes. Oklahoma State University Press, Stillwater, OK. Minckley, W.L. Blue catfish commonly attain weights of 20 to 40 pounds, and may reach weights well in excess of 100 pounds. Aquatic nuisance species of the Mississippi River basin. Blue Catfish are highly omnivorous. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. Platania, C.R. You can find this species throughout a wide range of freshwater habitats in North America. Blue catfish often suspend higher up in the water column however. 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