In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. The goal here is to avoid breaking the hollow barbs off in your skin–that’s when you get stung. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. The stings are in fact tiny hollow needles full of various compounds waiting to enter into the layers of your skin on contact. How do you like to use it? Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). Many people will be able to relieve symptoms with home remedies. There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. Stinging nettle should not be confused with "white dead nettle" (Lamium album). Leaves opposite, heart shaped to lanceolate, toothed and armed with stinging hairs. This can benefit … The small hollow hairs contain the chemicals that cause the sting, so to avoid the sting, avoid breaking them–handle with care. U. dioica is known by several other common names, including "Common Nettle", "Bigsting Nettle", "Tall Nettle", and "Slender Nettle." They are more closely compared in this previous post — along with Clearweed (Pilea pumila) — also a member of the nettle family. Shop organic nettle leaf at Mountain Rose Herbs. The … One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! May Reduce Inflammation. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. galeopsifolia)  so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one.  Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) has done much to draw me out of my wintry malaise. The tough stems and undersides of the stinging nettle leaves are densely packed with the protective tiny, hollow hairs (trichomes). Follow Julie's Green Journal on WordPress.com. Improves Digestion. *** Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer. As you become proficient at identifying members of the Mint family by their square stalks, opposite leaves, and spicy aroma, you should also familiarize yourself with the flowers. Strain the water and discard the nettle leaves. Nettles are key to the survival of butterflies, as they are the primary food … Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. Nettle Seeds contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 oils and are used to support kidney and adrenal function and as a boost when over worked adrenals impacts on energy levels. Identification Stinging nettle (Urtica genus) is a European native plant that has become naturalized throughout the United States. Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year, when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. Stinging nettle lives up to its name, so if you want to avoid the sting, either: With both of these techniques, you can–and perhaps should–use scissors or some other suitable cutting tool, though you may gently pinch the leaves off as well. Yes, there are dead nettles, wood nettles, and other families. The common nettle, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. But, no matter how negligent I may be, spring calls me now. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). Like yellow archangel, and other members of the dead-nettle family, it doesn't have stinging leaves. Many folks know of its medicinal and edible qualities and enjoy foraging for it. White Dead-nettle Lamium album has, as its common and scientific names declare, white flowers. Identify the nettles. Nettles are common weeds throughout much of the world, and they should be easy to find in partial shade, such as a fence line or forest edge. At certain points it may be easier to identify than others, but stinging nettle has three distinguishing attributes all year long that make it pretty easy to ID. The leaves are arranged in pairs and set opposite to one another. The leaves are heavily veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins. I have been so involved in other projects that I STILL have not given more than a fleeting thought to planning our garden. Stinging nettle can be found throughout North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa. So the seed harvest comes from the female plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. The stinging nettle is a familiar and ... How to identify To avoid the more painful way of identifying a stinging nettle, look for the hairs on its stem, its drooping, catkin flowers, and oval, toothed leaves. What more could you ask for? Traditionally, nettle is used topically on wounds and it looks like science backs this … The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. I have foraging on the mind once again, though I feel a bit rusty after a winter in the damp, dark tool shed of my own isolation. Check it out for more info. Excerpts may be used with credit and a clickable link back to the source. Nettles help butterflies. – A.A. Milne, Norwex Focused On Being The Best For Our World. Just snip off the strings into a bag or cut down the nettle tops, tie upside down inside a linen bag and give them a good shake to get them out! Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureum has reddish-purple flowers and purple-tinged leaves. dioica Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Urticaceae Genus: Urtica Species: U. dioica Binomial name Urtica dioica L. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.  Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Leave us a comment and let us know! Photos may not be used without permission. Common nettle is a native species that can be found throughout the UK, favouring damp fertile and disturbed ground. Terminal leaf-tooth longer than the lateral ones. Those plants are found in the Loosestrife, Verbena and Stinging Nettle families, but none of them smell minty. Stir in the witch hazel. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet. Unlike other dead-nettles, the toothed, heart-shaped finely-hairy leaves of Red Dead-nettle are all stalked, including those just above and below the flower whorl. They come to a point and are covered with fine barb-like hairs. Your email address will not be published. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) Probably the most commonly known and recognized member of the Nettle Family (Urticaceae) is stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). Medium to tall vigorous often patch forming plant, with stout stolons and square stems. Is it on your grouchy neighbor’s property? Nettle Skin Toner: 1 cup dried nettle leaves (about double if using fresh) 1 cup distilled water; 1 cup witch hazel; Place the nettle leaves and water in a small saucepan and bring to a boil. Pingback: Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation, Your email address will not be published. … Stinging Nettle identification of this bountiful wild edible is quick and easy. It is native on riverbanks and in hedgerows, grassy places, near buildings and where the ground is littered with rubble. The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U. urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). Nettles can be preserved by: You may be wondering about the sting. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. Hi Pat! In case you are wondering, it looks like this when it flowers: Since nettles are best in the spring, you’ll want to preserve some to enjoy year round. Our organic nettle leaves (Urtica dioica) are harvested from long-standing, large European populations.  This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Required fields are marked *. All content is the property of They're Not Our Goats. This includes alfalfa, parsley, nettle leaves, plantain, and others. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. If you’re interested in doing that, have at it. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. How to Identify & Forage for Stinging Nettle. Just always be sure to check a field guide or two to make sure you have properly identified them! Finally, the sting. And be sure to harvest no more than 1/3 of the plant. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. A UK chemistry teacher writing at the blog Compound Interest has done a great job explaining some of the chemistry behind nettle’s sting. Male and female flowers, greenish on separate plants. First, the leaves. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but aren’t actually nettles  they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). Anti-microbial. Here is a video demonstrating this technique: Freezing: Blanch and freeze whole nettle leaves in freezer bags. Be assured that cooking removes the chemical compound that causes the sting, and nettle leaves are perfectly safe to consume once prepared. Making & Using Nettle Powder for Nutrition & Health, Herbal Teas You Can Grow or Forage Yourself, Stinging Nettle Recipes for Spring Eating, 12 Nettle Recipes to Add to Your Cookbook. They are also said to promote glossy hair. If you have any inquiries please contact us at theyrenotourgoats at gmail dot com. When I first noticed it peeking out from beneath our slumping retaining wall, I suddenly felt the urge to tour our yard and greet all the new plants bursting up.  We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. But, before we do, we recall three simple foraging rules: correct identification, minimal harvesting, and safe, legal picking. Then post some images less than 4MB and a description of the plant into our 'Identify a plant' forum for our community of 100,000s to help you. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. *** For educational purposes only. The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. Think of me as your green personal trainer, and get in touch today! The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Don’t harvest the stems. Urinary tract health. Learn how to identify, harvest, prepare, and eat this vitamin packed powerhouse! The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! Here are some recipes & resources to get you started: Have you harvested stinging nettle? White dead-nettle is a common plant of roadside verges, waste grounds and grassy banks - anywhere the ground has been disturbed. There are actually 35 to 40 different species in the Urtica genus in Family Urticaceae. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. Following the simple foraging rules, remember to be sure that it is free to harvest. Choose those over the older ones, unless you don’t mind a more robust experience. The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Leaves and Stem. Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. It’s not that they will poison you, they are just not very palatable. Only by using other plants for support can this annual achieve its full potential, sometimes attaining a height of 40cm. Nettles will begin popping up in early spring, and can be found all across North America. They are mostly oval or slightly heart-shaped and heavily toothed or serrated at the margins. Its white flowers appear from March right the way through to December. Surely that must be unpleasant. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! ... providing corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. The best time to harvest it for eating is now–in the early spring when they first start to emerge, and especially before they flower. Thank you. All true nettles are a part of the Nettle Family Urticaceae. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Are there critters living in it? Commonly called dead nettles because their leaves resemble stinging nettles with no ability to sting, this near-evergreen plant (in mild climates) is a low creeper; some cultivars become randomly mounded. These nettles have a rich flavor ideal for cooking or brewing nettle leaf tea. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct … seed gathering: the identification of the male and female plants of common nettle so you can gather the seeds effectively - because they are only produced by the female plants and not the males the identification of the 3 main species of nettle found in the UK, and what isn’t a nettle. Inflammation is your body’s way of healing itself and fighting infections. Some believe that after nettles have flowered, consuming them in great amounts can lead to kidney stones. Carefully fold and grab the leaves while pulling toward the leaf tip. There are a few other varieties of nettle that it can be confused with, but if you pay attention to the following features, you can be pretty confident of a correct identification. Nettle Identification. The leaves are heart- or lance-shaped, with a toothed ridge around the perimeter. (Note also that the sting is removed during cooking.). You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life. The stems and upper leaves turn purplish, and those immediately below and above th… Alternatively, you can freeze nettle pesto in an ice cube tray, or nettle soup in glass containers. © 2017. If you touch a plant that looks like nettle and gives you a noticeable sting, it is probably stinging nettle. Habitat & Distribution. Remember that nettles provide an important source of food and a home to lots of wildlife, so please check your plants for caterpillars and eggs before gathering, and leave plenty of plants for them too! What more could you ask for? I have read that there are other nettles that are good to eat as foods or drink as a tea. Stinging nettle rash can be irritating and painful, but it will usually resolve within a few days. A rhizomatous to stoloniferous perennial, common nettle is abundant and generally distributed in the UK and is recorded up to 2,700 ft. I love nettles. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. Of course there are other things to pay attention to if you want to be absolutely sure of your identification of stinging nettle, but out of the many plants you can forage, stinging nettle is pretty distinctive because of the thorny, hairy, toothed stinging leaves. The nettle leaf is … Seeing green popping up and out all over has reminded me that I need to be present among these growing things, that I need to learn what they are, what they have to offer, and how our family can best use them.  This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The photographs of Lamium galeobdolon ssp. I love nettles. argentatum shown on this page were taken in … More often Red Dead-nettle sprawls lazily rather than standing erect, and then its flower stems rarely rise to more than 10 to 20cm above the ground. It has wooed me back to the land, and I know now that the problem was truly me–not it. Which is ironic because they are also used as a prevention against kidney stones… But, to be safe, if you mean to eat it or drink a tea made from it, harvest nettle before it flowers. The sting is not excruciating, but it is real, and the pain from it does hang on for some time–from a few minutes to hours. Give it a try! Stinging nettle is fairly distinctive. Remove from heat and allow to cool completely or the course of a few hours. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Indigestion isn’t only utterly irritating, but it is draining at the same time. These other nettles don’t have the stinging hairs. The two plants on the right have stinging hairs along their stems. Nettles grow 2 to 5 feet tall and have opposite leaves. For help distinguishing it from the other nettle lookalikes, I heartily recommend this article at Identifythatplant.com. The Craft of Herbal Fermentation: A Course Re... how to identify and forage for stinging nettle, Foraging In Oregon: Stinging Nettles, Sorrel & More - Hiker Trash Nation. Noedl is thought to be the root of the word nettle from Anglo-Saxon meaning needle. A short but conspicuous plant with a spike of two-lipped red flowers at the top and nettle-shaped leaves below. The Roman nettle is very rare – it has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds.Both the Roman and dwarf nettles do not have separate female and male plants, both sexes of flowers grow on same plant. To identify a plant enter the plant name, if you know it, in the text box below and then select any distinctive attributes about the plant from the drop-down boxes underneath. And, yes, that is Clearweed’s stem — second from the left. As members of the mint family, these plants have square stems, toothy-edged leaves, and a spreading habit (read: they can go crazy). Like any plant it looks different at different times of the year. Taking nettle with any medicines that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. It used to grow in many parts of southern England and south Wales, but its numbers have declined dramatically in the last 60 years, and it is now found in only a few dozen places. Available in retail and bulk sizes. The males produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds. What is nettle? Distribution. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Urtica dioica Urtica dioica subsp. The stems are apparently useful for making rope because the fibers are so strong. Can u tell me if this is true. It is found growing in a range of habitats including; farmland, grasslands, hedgerows, road side verges, woodlands and gardens. Still cannot identify it? Each pair is arranged at 90 degrees to the previous pair. Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. Nettle is highly nutritious and can be enjoyed as a fresh or dried tea, a pesto star, in a vinegar, or even as medicine. they are spear shaped and have 'teeth' along their edge. Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. The plants are dark green, with leaves growing in pairs opposite each other. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. (This is where the sting comes from!) Coconut Oil Magic Bullet or Well Marketed Moneymaker? The leaves are technically described as lanceolate / oval, i.e. Its proper habitat is … Why would you want to consume something that leaves you tingling? The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Afr They all have different nutritional values. The young smaller leaves, which emerge from the very apex of the stems, are usually the most tender and palatable. They have no stings and white flowers. It's considered an aggressive invasive and has become established and common in certain areas. Young plants will have smaller, heart-shaped leaves with a purple-ish hue, while the mature plants have longer, pointed leaves that appear very green. Nettle (or stinging nettle) is a plant also known as Bichu, Feuille d'Ortie, Graine d'Ortie, Grande Ortie, Ortie, Ortiga, Urtica, and other names. We love this plant in our household–stings and all. The leaves are heavily veined and the undersides tend to have a purple hue between the veins. I have to be honest, I haven’t been thinking about the land since the fall. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal. Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. Nettle may help flush harmful bacteria from the urinary tract. 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