As a result, her lands became part of the Habsburg empire. English: Duchess Mary of Burgundy was the sole inheritor of the Burgundy and the wealthiest woman in her time. In order to win support for her refusal among her own people, she signed "the Great Privilege" which returned significant control and rights to localities in the Netherlands. Mary, called Mary the Rich (13 February 1457 – 27 March 1482), was suo jure Duchess of Burgundy from 1477 – 1482. MARY OF BURGUNDY. Mary Capet-Valois of Burgundy, Duchess regnant of Burgundy, Countess regnant of Holland, was born 13 February 1457 in Brussels, Belgium to Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477) and Isabella of Bourbon (c1436-1465) and died 27 March 1482 inWijnendale Castle, Wijnendale, West Flanders, Belgium of broken back. At her father's death at the siege of Nancy in January 1477, Mary was nineteen years old. The Berlin Hours of Mary of Burgundy originated between 1477 and 1480 in the Ghent region, commissioned by Emperor Maximilian I (1459-1519) as a gift to his wife Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482). Born Marie de Bourgogne the only child of Charles "The Bold" Duc de Bourgogne and Isabel de Bourbon. Mary and Maximilian had three children. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Read "Mary of Burgundy: The Revolt of Ghent" by George Payne Rainsford James available from Rakuten Kobo. Mary of Burgundy, Duchess of Cleves (1393 – 30 October 1466) was the second child of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria, and an elder sister of Philip the Good. They married on August 18, 1477. Source for information on Mary of Burgundy (1457–1482): Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia dictionary. The only child of Charles the Bold of Burgundy and Isabella of Bourbon, Mary of Burgundy became ruler of his lands after her father's death in 1477. Mary of Burgundy had many other suitors, including Duke Clarence of England. Artois and Franche-Comte became his to rule; Burgundy and Picardy returned to French control. Betrothed to Maximilian in 1476, Mary found herself faced with French invasion when she became duchess of Burgundy on her father’s death at Nancy early in 1477. Mother: Isabella of Bourbon (Isabelle de Bourbon), daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Agnes of Burgundy. It is a miniature in a type of prayer book known as a Book of Hours. The death of Charles the Bold of Burgundy (Mary's Father) - basically the first scene of Max - is one of the most pivotal events in European history that most aren't even familiar with. As the only child of Charles the Bold and his wife Isabella of Bourbon. The statue is the works of Belgian sculptor Jules Lagae in 1901 and erected at this location in 1987. Updates? Mary of Burgundy Sovereign between Burgundy and Habsburg . The Book of Hours of Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold, was made when book illumination had reached its peak, at a time when there were already printed books; however, this period also saw the production of precious hand-written codices, especially in the Netherlands and in France. Mary, Duchess of Burgundy, reigned over the Burgundian State, now mainly in France and the Low Countries, from 1477 until her death in a riding accident at the age of 25. Mary's great-grandfather John the Fearless of Bavaria was a grandson of John II of France and Bonne of Bohemia; so was another great-grandmother, her mother's paternal grandmother Marie of Auvergne. Her horse tripped and she fell in a ditch, with the horse landing on top of her. Genealogy profile for Mary of Burgundy. In 1477 Charles the Bolds dies, his only child is a girl which cannot rule w/o a husband. The daughter of Mary of Burgundy and Maximilian was Margaret of Austria, who served as governor of the Netherlands after her mother's death and before her nephew (the future Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) was old enough to rule. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mary chose Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, of the Habsburg family, who later became emperor Maximilian I. The heavy band of material over her forehead is pinned to the base of the conical headdress by a distinctive agrafe (ornamental clasp). Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. Louis XI of France attempted to force her to marry the Dauphin Charles, thus bringing under French control her lands, including the Netherlands, Franche-Comte, Artois, and Picardy (the Low Countries). This agreement required the approval of the States to raise taxes, declare war or make peace. Genealogy for Mary of Burgundy (1393 - 1463) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. He was made the 1st Duke of Cleves in 1417. She was a pawn in her father’s political ambitions and her fate rested in his hands. Mary, however, did not want to marry Charles, who was 13 years younger than she was. She was married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and brought her enormous inheritance with her. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ​Known for: signing "the Great Privilege" and, by her marriage, bringing her dominions under Habsburg control, Dates: February 13, 1457 - March 27, 1482. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Barre depicted the moment just before her tragic fall, as she hunts with a falcon, accompanied by a page. Father: Charles the Bold of Burgundy, son of Philip the Good of Burgundy and Isabella of Portugal. Yet her short reign as Duchess marks a significant turning point in the history of the Low Countries. Through her own marriage and the subsequent match that was made between her son, Philip the Handsome, and Joanna the Mad of Spain, daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, the Netherlands came to be joined with Spain and with the Habsburg’s own Austrian possessions in the hands of her famous grandson, the emperor Charles V. Corrections? Her father died in the Battle of Nancy on 5 January 1477. Their son Philip, later called Philip the Handsome, was held as virtually a prisoner until Maximilian freed him in 1492. This is an interestingly bronze monument to Mary of Burgundy (1457-82) who ruled over the Low Lands from 1477 to 1482 before her untimely death due to a hunting accident. Made in a period of great production of precious devotional manuscripts in France and Netherlands, this manuscript is decorated with high quality miniatures and scrollwork, representative of the splendor of the Burgundian court. Mary, also called Mary Of Burgundy, French Marie De Bourgogne, (born Feb. 13, 1457, Brussels—died March 27, 1482, Brugge [Bruges], Flanders), duchess of Burgundy (1477–82), daughter and heiress of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy; her crucial marriage to the archduke Maximilian (later Maximilian I), son of the Habsburg emperor Ferdinand III, resulted in Habsburg control of the Netherlands. By his marriage in 1477 to Mary, daughter of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, Maximilian acquired the vast Burgundian possessions in the Netherlands and along the eastern frontier of France. Mary … She died a few weeks later on March 27, 1482, from internal injuries. Deutsch: Maria von Burgund (1457–1482), einziges Kind von Karl dem Kühnen und seiner Frau Isabella von Bourbon She was he father's sole heir and was occasionally known as Marie the Rich. Mary was born in 1457, the only child (by all accounts legitimate and illegitimate) of Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy and his second wife, Isabella of Bourbon. "The happiest, sweetest, and liveliest little book imaginable." Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mary of Burgundy dies 1482. When the eighteen-year-old Maximilian married Mary of Burgundy in 1477, the transfer of the rich Burgundian inheritance into Habsburg hands had in theory been completed. Wife to Maximilian I, … Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As the only child of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon, she was the heiress to the vast Burgundian domains in France and the Low Countries upon her father's sudden death on 5 January 1477. Mary was born in Brussels as the only child of Charles the Bold and Isabella of Bourbon, and she was thus the heiress of the Burgundian territories, and she became suo jure Duchess of Burgundy in 1477 at the death of her father. Today is the birthday of Mary of Burgundy (February 13, 1457-March 27, 1482), She was also known as the “Duchess of Burgundy, [and] reigned over the Low Countries from 1477 until her death. Mary of Burgundy, 1457–82, wife of Maximilian of Austria (later Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I Maximilian I, 1459–1519, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493–1519), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. Also known as: Mary, Duchess of Burgundy; Marie. Mary of Burgundy in Prayer. 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