Per capita income in Pakistan is about $ 1254. Low per capita income shows the population explosion. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. )øJ 0)ƒb¢*²{69 „ˆ�ó’b$ƒ¢ıŠ /C,‚´gZ¬FÇD‹—ÚÅJĆɋ‚Älx›t‰f„µàFÇXÚ²¨Würk5X~Kìb‘ZG{óA‹‘„„e{iËŸÛ4öBÆQlõ4¯×‘k1A¹‚¸ÿXš z>ÇŠ_r‚VB|Åä¼ĞA9ظ_Š5Nñ¯šúmöU ¸®„¿Æª{ıÚód_nMÿY~ÉR?¿4ì[£Šá_´,9hÀŠQ8°`Àÿ?¤k�‰.ATd²�eƒ>ìYtÍÁ9¨ˆ ê–£¸ix¨Şü¦`6ì1ŞÃ”ríc»0,‡a!ÀQ¯Pİ`ıI©�û_¼Ì¸oÀï¼P#À;á=À‹n û0P ¼x<=]¿äãÑ;¸ï6ÿpêà„‡kï�¸Z_»Ğ{oí�ÍŸÕ쯩/2›ï¤V™Ó–å•ïë¾3wkUwıØÒŠî™!ë÷˜›ı Today, barely 250 years later, we are more than 7.7 billion and will continue growing until 2050 by at least another 2 billion. BRIEF OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS-PAKISTAN SCENARIO Pakistan is a country of 131 million populations with per capita income of US $ 488 and GDP of Rs. Overpopulation has come as one of the biggest problems of our country and the government tends to pay no heed to it. Department of Statistics University of Malakand Chakdara Figure 2 below, shows that in 2015, total population in Pakistan was pegged around 188 million people. Population Growth 2. The causes of high rate of unemployment are lack of education, lack of capital, lack of proper skill, Poverty, and High rate of population growth in Pakistan. In Pakistan people are not well aware from he concept of the family planning and this is the main root cause that give rise to the over-population. 3. There are a number of factors that contribute to overpopulation. He believed that social exploitation and oppression of the less privileged people leads to poverty, overcrowding, unemployment, environmental degradation that in turn, causes over population. 1) Population growth causes a dis- proportionate negative impact on the environment. What will this mean in the future? A population may increase or decrease due to birth, death, immigration and migration. The Causes. High fertility of 6.7 % causes increase in birth rate. Population Growth Writing Assignment Rapidly growing populations creates not only overpopulation, but also strains the economy, job market, and livelihood of the countries’ citizens. This Report therefore takes a position that is neither hopeless nor overly opti- mistic. Population growth 1. Thus, due to continuously higher growth rate of urban population its percentage went up from 18% in 1951 to 28% in 1981 and to 32.52% in 1998. Both countries have attempted to deal with this issue in the decades past and in the present day. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. The current population of Pakistan in 2020 is 220,892,340, a 2% increase from 2019.; The population of Pakistan in 2019 was 216,565,318, a 2.04% increase from 2018.; The population of Pakistan in 2018 was 212,228,286, a 2.08% increase from 2017. H‰ŒWÛrÛÈ}çWÌ#˜G˜Á}kkS’­$Úµ-—ÅMjKÉÈ Due to a high increase in the population, Pakistan is facing serious challenges like shortage of water, electricity, jobs infrastructure, public transportation, health, education law and order, and other social issues are prevailing in the society. Nor is population growth in and of itself the main cause of natural resource problemsair pollution, soil degradation, even food availability. size, composition, distribution and these changes raise a number of important questions of cause and effect. "eI|ÕFäÔ ÿ¿ Œ¶Õµı£œ÷ΘD\m‹Ş˜5Ï{Ü…¤¦İº‚ºP^ÜtfFCÀ—­%+† o–]œ¶9%2÷�ó.dμ”g­ŒÚ8*~Ğ$AV¼qD²07Õï’Š9!°0Ô2Ë]ÿ�æJğù‰é'|'¶¶_/ì:¼5ûaTï�à�Éœíå²7çª íƒòc/òş°j–Ͼ€+Ÿ\?V}„Úfğï,-iÉ1…ÿÄZR�İѾhûÑ��eR6öã’Ù�OVş1{èíÅïímzš¾cÆõKïï–xqéõ5 ÷—ğhÅöo2¯go»uÊòÑÎ¿ÕŞûH#ş´6wğŒ²tñWE¶¥Ák§µDczç�(Ní¯ÜœZ2°áE²‚†½‹6WENS•Tå.�½E;°0¥@›¼m~©¬ >yû­‡²wÛú×妮8­÷?N¡¯áv W²ú†d™ÿ†”êKCvTœÎ,ßÙÊÉ3«Ç¯Ñk�'ğMóŸ|ï²ÛÔ5J`ÖÍ�¸¡Sò zc%gšxíÜÇ_ÌÜ–ò¤ÆcËîä�½Êüºjä…7E¬»©k½©³@³)u�eV0oSÛÑàÉò¾LÊQşÌ+-³Â¿Ê뛤»²¶ĞßÉ¢¥@§Ñ{í�õ‡5'Ğz¤FûN­ˆ©q�Ûv¸Bgí=t`EÇ j8÷÷›*Íw¢®„³ÒëÂÏ];Ôx‰ÙIi¥ÁÕJç©­.œÍ„îíö~äµ[�‡.íCÓ¾F«w_ĞœÓW2Dx?qM†=æ´ÂmUÕVgmªYÈıìàş´æšıÎ Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. endstream endobj 3367 0 obj<>/Size 3355/Type/XRef>>stream Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. â}âàÈeW�Ô�Û\€têŞ½óà Kç(xE¿ğ1úc 0Ø„ÙI|Œ£Sèèeéc€Ó+¦à…OŒÊà¤QË ÿ[�–~†WŒ©Rÿ‡ææÌSİt挥Õê�‹�©RÑ>{{0±ıÅ�Ú¿«¥zn]Á9´×¤áß¾JØ»ÀU�£ºÓŸÛ»dà=¸\@ æÒŒ‡MHѶ1²ånëJş$[Î *–€?f#&u£|!±]ˆ5:XÄ"ˆÙ¤›Æf#¶“f™íÒÆ"ö 1)0ŠÈXC[ÆMÈrÄD? You can change your ad preferences anytime. Since the middle of the twentieth century, Pakistan has experienced exceptionally rapid While in other underdeveloped countries, the population growth rate has slowed down significantly, it is a different story in Pakistan. main one of the key forces contributing to further population growth until replacement fertility is reached. In 1980’s, there were 6-7 children per women at an average but declined to 4-5 children in 1990’s. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The manufacturing sector contributed 17.9% to GDP and 15.3 % to GNP and showed a growth of 6.96 % in 1997-98. By Fayaz Ahmad Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. xÚìѱ ð|Jöï8vezÔh »];M2øˆ9xÏá9 jk¨ Social and Cultural System : Social and cultural needs of Pakistan demand big homes, because it is accustomed to extended family system which has patriarchy family system as its motive and it harmonizes the social system also. According to the current statistics Pakistan‟s total population is rising 3 percent every year and if the trend continues it will increase from 180 million today to 380 million people by … Most of the cities developed randomly with no proper planning of infrastructure growth to make it an urban centre. Chart and table of Pakistan population from 1950 to 2020. Another reason of increase in Population … Another symbol of overpopulation is unemployment and it becomes difficult to adjust the huge population in economic activities. Hence, in order to sustain economic growth there is a high demand on already scarce natural resources. The reason being fear of backlash from the voters in a democratic setup. K.P.K Dir (L). Population growth and economic development are contributing to many serious environmental calamities in India. 8.4 % was seen in the medium scale industry. Pakistan is in a very temperate zone which causes the people to be more fertile. Population growth in Pakistan has started early before the partition. Causes and consequences of overpopulation Human population is growing exponentially. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Urbanisation in Pakistan and its consequences. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Afzal (2009) examined the impact of population growth on economic growth in Pakistan using annual time series data for the period 1951 to 2001. In this context, popula- tion control is obviously not a panacea 0 ;j/ Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 26/02/2020 at 6:06 am . A presentation of Fayaz Ahmad Department of Statistics University of Malakand. High growth rate of population creates unfavourable effects on the economic development in the developing countries like Pakistan. °@€; D3_ŸÓ€WĞñ9ˆî>§O_pı™ıüóõÇw÷ï™Ë~ùåöı;6qÙËD°œM®ÿşˆs=¹�O®çs— 6_N\îº"`ó›ÑÑÅÅ �eóš —¾ÿ‹_sƒ{T_ó”Mÿ3ÿur7ŸÜ}D ×ûàÄÜY,nD±§Í¨_sáII~�ÇL½j]�c�Nç_÷Ş×ˆgp(GZÈ`A 7,â®´¾ìAx X =.D‡ÒaìÈÅ�w�ˆöäz—¹÷£�I@Êòiè¤ì¦ÈÙoÓØÉTӨ׋lúÇÎEï|ëÔ£!E0?‘. If Pakistan’s population growth rate from 1947 was predicted to be 2% per year, then the country’s current population should have been 120 million, instead of 180 million. High rate of population growth in Pakistan means poverty, illiteracy, low living standard, absence of prosperity and vicious circle of poverty. CAUSES OF OVER The population is a big threat for Pakistan. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. aë:Ç­½ñô/s/7ñ”!+‚¥(‹ık޶‰ï&$¿Và? ( See table 3.1 & fig 3.3).The growth rate reached its peak in 1972 and it has been continuously declining over the years. The rate … Causes for rapid growth of indian population, Population growth & its effect on environment, No public clipboards found for this slide. Growth rate of population: The growth rate of population is the focal point the economic development of a country. Pakistan, like all other less developed parts of the world, is facing the formidable challenge of poverty reduction, economic growth and [much exposed] rapid increase in population. Population refers to a group of organisms of the same kind or specie living in the same place at the same time. Rapid population growth is the bane of the economy of underdeveloped, poor and developing countries in the world. POPULATION United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Pakistan's population has increased by more than six-folds since the first post-independence census held in 1951. The trend line figure 2 below generally indicates that total population in Pakistan is increasing and is likely to go up even worse in the years to come. A very high birth rate has led to a growth rate of 2.1 % in Pakistani population. The growth rate of Pakistan is 2.09 %. Declining mortality Rapid declines in mortality have been the main cause of population growth in the past. Fewer than 800 million people populated the Earth in the mid-18 th Century. It is expected that after a 30-years interval, the country would house 338 million people. Among many reasons, high fertility rate is one of the most major and important cause which contribute to high population growth of Pakistan. Following are some of the main causes that are giving high rise to the over-population in Pakistan: One of the main reasons of the over-population in Pakistan is the unbalanced growth rate. Population growth in Pakistan is currently around 2% per annum. Two countries that have been facing, and continue to face, growing populations are India and China. The difficulties caused by rapid population growth are not primarily due to finite natural resources, at least not for the world as a whole. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population. The maximum growth i.e. There are several factors which contribute in population growth including high fertility rate, inadequate family planning (FP) practices, reduction in mortality rate, and low level of literacy particularly in women. endstream endobj 3356 0 obj<>/Outlines 2644 0 R/Metadata 2728 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 2724 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 2730 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20141218150133)/PageLabels 2722 0 R>> endobj 3357 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 3358 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 3359 0 obj<> endobj 3360 0 obj<> endobj 3361 0 obj<> endobj 3362 0 obj<> endobj 3363 0 obj<> endobj 3364 0 obj<>stream ÓOf¥ádO� §Lr>Šµx‰ô ‡>’ Causes of Overpopulation 1. According to Karl Marx, population growth is a symptom rather than the cause of poverty, resource depletion, pollution and other social ills. Changing consumption pattern has led to rising demand … “?àdKc;î­lÀ:—fßÏY(Yuÿä�‰ü|ùµqn¸©-’§'ëB]=FqóŒ&ç4YÀ�ÀÏğc¯´PCX The annul population growth rate of Pakistan is 1.67% which is higher than average growth rate of South Asian countries, which is an alarming situation for Pakistan. growth rate of the urban population in Pakistan during the census conducted in 1972 and 1981 was 4.4%, whereas the rural population of the country grew at 2.6% annually during the same period. ?áÿi|«¾òÎ(Éꀈ¤âºj�ù{“¾®ë©¹5¯ÏúÓ”â°è3K›ÎeŠ�›b]e9ÖIU÷Gïmù�™§¹¬õ Ö1Ûı[Z'û•*! The majority of Pakistan's industrial sectors, for example fishing and agriculture, which count for more than one fourth of the output and two fifths of employment in Pakistan, are highly dependent on the country's natural resources. 6.821 trillion. The population figures present an ironical situation: whereas North America’s area is 16% of the world, only 6% population of the world lives there but it consumes 45% of the world’s total income. The continuous increase in the population growth in Pakistan is due to the high fertility and decrease in mortality due to rapid development in the medical field. major causes which include natural growth in population and internal migration/relocation (Arif and Hamid, 2009). 1. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Currently, The latest population census has shown that Pakistan … High Fertility rate harms the health of the mothers and children, increases the health risk … Major factors responsible for high population growth in Pakistan are high fertility, low contraceptive prevalence rate, high unmet need of family planning, declining mortality, custom of early marriages, son preference, poverty, illiteracy especially of women and lack of women empowerment, religious constraints, beliefs, customs, traditions and lack of recreational activities. Above are the major causes of population growth but there are very governments that are determined to curb this problem. population growth is one of the root causes of poverty and low rate of economic development in the third world. Economic consequences of environmental degradation. This was well received as about 60% of Pakistan's population is food insecure according to the World Food Programme (WFP). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Pakistan’s population increased from 40 million in 1955 to 220 million in 72 years. Death rate: Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. 2) Problems of population size and growth, resource utilization and deple- tion, and environmental deterioration must be considered jointly and on a global basis. These include heavy pressure on land, land degradation, forests, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. These are the leading causes: Poverty. population of pakistan is increasing rapidly day by day due to the following causes • higher brith rate • economic finacial • socio cultural • old tradition of early marriage • religious support • political constraints to family planing • medical technical constraints to family planning support to higher birth • quality of service constraints to family planning support to higher birth • death control • higher … that unemployment causes suicides and crimes in the society. In 1950 the mortality rate was twenty-seven per … As we know that per capita income derives by dividing national income on total population. 1 thought on “10 Causes of Population Growth | Possible Implications” Ankomah Boakye Dennis. Download full-text PDF ... between 1992/93 and 2007/08 in Pakistan. 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