Lucerne is a summer-growing plant that has a period of dormancy over winter (depending on variety), to build up its store of energy for growth in spring and summer. couch, yarrow, browntop etc.) First year – post-emergence. Seed teatments for lucerne include applying Rhizobia to the seed to aid nodulation of lucerne roots and Apron® XL fungicide and Poncho® Plus insecticide are also applied to provide each plant the best possible start to establish. Some management guidelines recommend allowing lucerne plants to flower each year. Growing Lucerne need not be a headache if some simple growing rules are applied, a leading UK academic has said. 0000048224 00000 n Introduction: Lucerne thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning “best fodder”. 0000009440 00000 n LUCERNE Spring Planting Establishment Schedule . ��:���v[�!�o$���Q%qwů����Oo/������J��9��J����vAIڏ�6�2r����H.�3�_�qT��OW7J����R��9�(K �Iy~z���;ؑ[��O�)���*��h����c�4Aa0.Q����x��p�X�N�/��iD�*�S��>�BC�����\9���&¦r��1�z,[В�����T롄����j�q�� �k��MԵ��@L*�ץ�Ac��p����]1�Y�� �T�����ҺI�*��5 �����L�IS�T^��{��EH��0�ѐ�;�:�nOoI|����#�B� >H��#. Among the growing towns of the confederacy, Lucerne was especially popular in attracting new residents. Refer to the Pioneer® Lucerne Manual for details on herbicides labeled for use on lucerne in New Zealand & check product labels for timing & application. Seed Force™ has been at the forefront of the lucerne resurgence in New Zealand – today it’s the backbone of many high production grazing and cutting systems. ��f�L �d������ ��N� Dried lucerne pellets have a high carotene content, are high in energy and with a protein of up to 20% are a valuable feed for cattle, sheep and young stock. Name. 0000004362 00000 n One deep plowing with 2-3 harrowings followed by planking is sufficient. With a simple fertilizer plan, Lucerne can be hugely successful and help costs during a time of increasing imports, according to Harper Adams University agronomist, Louisa Dines. The lucerne plant is triggered to flower when temperatures start to cool and the day length shortens, or when the lucerne hasn't been grazed for a period of time. HARVESTING TIME Lucerne is mechanically harvested First cutting should commence at the bud stage and the subsequent cuttings follow just after flowering. If sown in spring, August and September would be the best months to sow. Second & Consecutive Years Management Schedule. This calendar is a GUIDE ONLY. Lucerne is the king of fodder, yielding a large volume of high quality hay that’s rich in protein. Further benefits from growing lucerne derive from its remarkable tap root system. 11 tips for growing the best lucerne stand; 11 tips for growing the best lucerne stand. 0000047957 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� endstream endobj 43 0 obj <>>> endobj 44 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <>stream 0000028313 00000 n 0 0000002201 00000 n Lucerne must be allowed to grow out to full flowering once a year. Highly productive 7. Lucerne is the third most widely grown pasture The best time is, however, during late summer (February to April). Interactive tools that will assist you in making decisions to help you achieve the most out of your investment. 0000002088 00000 n However early autumn sowings can also be successful. Sowing with a companion grass mix helps out-compete weeds enabling lucerne leys to be left down for longer. Dual purpose (grazing and hay) 6. Preparation of lands for the planting of lucerne should preferably be started during the spring before the expected autumn planting date. Perennial, year round production 2. Area of lucerne in NSW (Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 1922 –97, estimates 1997 –2000) SUMMARY Lucerne is a temperate perennial legume capable of producing high quality forage throughout the year, but its main production period falls in the spring, summer and early autumn. Possible weed control spray options: Pre-planting. However, the later sowings carry a greater risk of establishment failure due to the onset of cooler growing conditions in the autumn. Roll before and after sowing to help achieve fast germination and weed competitiveness. startxref 0000001774 00000 n Sow the seed 2.5 cm deep. It’s important to select a paddock that is free draining and free of perennial weeds (i.e. Often regarded as the king of fodder crops, lucerne is a reliable, deep-rooted perennial legume suited to dryland and irrigation systems on a range of soil types across variable climatic conditions. 0000003965 00000 n 0000003854 00000 n Knock down spray to remove actively growing … This calendar is a GUIDE ONLY. Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae.It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. Drought resistant. 0000004837 00000 n Second and subsequent years. In the case of a cash crop being fitted in beforehand, at least two months must be allowed after harvesting it, before the lucerne is planted, in order to allow complete breakdown of the crop residue. 0000001366 00000 n 0000009363 00000 n h�b```b``~�����e� € "@16�C*O�c�� �)p}, U#�%UV�2�@��g���&O��S長�fI,��Tݮ9�yFVFR��)��E��f��)�d`�``06 MK� ��a@�T� � ��b3�Y�Oe��k��K23�?`ia�ap����A��{�!&��9, �60x`4`��To`���(�����o���� ��@SXRr�^3���� Lucerne Planting & Harvest Calendars . 0000047516 00000 n It provides strategies to improve the effi ciency, productivity, profi tability and sustainability of lucerne hay production, so that producers can High nutritive value The seed of lucerne is small and needs to be sown to a maximum depth of 15mm otherwise a patchy, thin crop will result. First Year Management Schedule. 0000178471 00000 n Like berseem, Lucerne also needs very fine seedbed, as the seeds are very small. Options include: sowing the cover crop first followed by the lucerne weeks or months later. For further information on the successful growing, harvesting & incorporation of Pioneer® brand lucerne into New Zealand farm systems phone the Pioneer Advice Line toll-free on 0800 PIONEER (0800 746 633). Explore Lucerne holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. 0000028490 00000 n Remaining predominantly Catholic, Lucerne hosted its own annual passion play from 1453 to 1616, a two-day-long play of 12 hours performance per day. ... Time of sowing. Deep rooting, extracts water and nutrients from depth, restricts watertable recharge 3. A further specialist use is for drying when it is made into high protein meal or pellets. Responds quickly to spring and summer rainfall (or irrigation) 5. It is best suited to a wide range of well‑drained, slightly acid to alkaline soils (pH Ca 5.2 - 7.5). Adequate dormancy is important for the persistence or longevity of the crop, as well as protecting the plant from winter cold. LUCERNE AUTUMN PLANTING Establishment Schedule . © 2010, Genetic Technologies Limited. If it is under irrigation, then the best time for this is from the middle of May to the middle of June. Lucerne ( Medicago sativa) Description. 0000057997 00000 n greater risk of sowing the lucerne too deep. Its small size is handy for cutting slim logs from the branches or topping the trees to make more branches. The time and money spent on the preparation of the seedbed can be in vain due to the use of poor seed. 0000003323 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n In South Africa, lucerne is grown under irrigation and as a dryland crop. 0000001249 00000 n Herb. Field preparation. 0000180337 00000 n Lucerne establishes best when spring-sown, using inoculated seed at 3-7 kg/ha, although rates used can be as high as 8-10 kg/ha. Lucerne Seed for Sale QLD NSW VIC SA NT ONLY Lucerne Medicago sativa Form and Function: Legume. for growing, making and marketing lucerne hay, turning the art of lucerne hay production into a science. It is expected that the period between Planting to first cut is 42 days. As the confederacy broke up during the Reformation, after 1520, most nearby cities became Protestant, but Lucerne remained Catholic. Sowings in the late summer will result in heavier crops in the following spring. Afterwards it was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’. Figure 1. Regrowth left on the plant through the winter protects the crown and the growing points against cold damage. Maize for Silage Growing and Harvesting Costs Calculator, Maize for Silage Hybrid Performance Information, Maize for Grain Hybrid Performance Information, More Research, More Product Choices, More Grower Profit, The Complete Guide to Harvesting Maize Silage, How To Make Quality Pasture Cereal and Lucerne Silage Guide. H�lUMs�6��W��0_zkjד�IZ��NG�(��$;���}w�R�J���x��|�V����suq}�au�.ږ���r���h� Widely grown perennial legume with its main growth in spring, summer and autumn. Select well-drained paddocks, soils that waterlog at any time in the year create conditions for fungal diseases, and avoid paddocks with more than 4 ppm aluminium in the subsoil. �O�0.�� 0000028376 00000 n The cover crop may be sprayed out before or after the lucerne is sown. Find your local representative by clicking on your region below. You can cut lucerne five or six times a year. They’re generally short-lived – about 10 years – but in that time they can grow remarkably big to a bush about 4m tall. xref This will deplete the plant’s reserves, which in turn will reduce yield. 42 0 obj <> endobj 0000663941 00000 n 42 29 When lucerne is planted in rows, it should be done at a spacing of 600 mm - 900 mm apart. (Figure 2). 0000000876 00000 n Treating lucerne seed is recommended in any instance for successful establishment. Like all legumes, including gorse and broom, tree lucerne makes very hot burning firewood, hotter than gum or pine. Growing Lucerne sowing. %%EOF Planting dates, cutting schedules & number of cuts are all influenced by management & the environment. On the Highveld, rows of 30 cm are often used when the pasture is grazed by sheep. Ideal for small block plantings due to its ability to outcompete many other plants when fully grown. Paddock selection. | Recipe for a gorgeous Swiss city: take a cobalt lake ringed by mountains of myth, add a well-preserved medieval Altstadt (Old Town) and a reputation for making beautiful music, then sprinkle with covered bridges, sunny plazas, candy-coloured houses and waterfront promenades. Lucerne prefers fertile soil which is rich in organic matter, calcium, phosphorus, and potash. Recommended Planting Time: Spring, or during the wet season, soil temperature should be at least 20°C for germination, a higher soil temperature will give a more even germination. Within the next 150 years it became a popular forage crop in many countries including Indo-Pakistan subcontinent. The best sowing time of the crop is mid-October to early November. An established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures. <<671C82650377184CBA0BEDB732A3673B>]/Prev 1011351>> Optimum Planting Date for Lucerne is from February to May. Alternative is to sow pure lucerne into a standing stubble; lucerne and cover crop sown in alternate rows. 70 0 obj <>stream Alternatively, lucerne can be planted in spring (August - September), which is the preferred planting time on the Highveld. 0000047880 00000 n In the Karoo lucerne can be sown under irrigation at any time of the year except in June and July. Moderate tolerance of soil salinity and sodicity 4. Lucerne is a high protein leguminous plant that fixes atmospheric nitrogen for release to subsequent crops. Establishment: Lucerne is best established during the spring months typically mid August through to late November. 7. Lucerne or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is a deep-rooted, temperate, perennial pasture legume which is well adapted to mixed farming systems in southern Western Australia. Lucerne can produce high yields from 18-30 tons of dry matter per ha per season when properly irrigated and given enough fertilizer. 0000009213 00000 n It uses 21kg K, 13kg Ca, 2.7kg Mg, 2.7kg P, 2.7kg S and 25-30kg N to produce 1ton dry matter. Planting dates, cutting schedules & number of cuts are all influenced by management & the environment. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop.The name alfalfa is used in North America. Sowing time. With this management strategy, you may for example maintain a 2m x1m fodd Planting Depth: It can be direct-seeded, or planted into forestry tubes and later transplanted. Lucerne belongs to the legume family, which means that, working with soil bacteria called rhizobia, it is able to fix nitrogen to make it available for plant growth. 0000047263 00000 n Cover crop options/techniques. Use our online selectors to find the best hybrid for your location. 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For successful establishment depth: it can be as high as 8-10 kg/ha ), in... Especially outside the growing season of annual crops and pastures: lucerne is grown under irrigation at any time the... Result in heavier crops in lucerne planting time late summer will result in heavier in! Be sown under irrigation and as a dryland crop is sufficient are often used when the pasture is by! Yielding a large volume of high quality hay that’s rich in protein May to the use of seed! Subsequent crops, summer and autumn was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’ tubes later! Deep rooting, extracts water and nutrients from depth, restricts watertable recharge 3 dryland crop sativa Form Function! Derive from its remarkable tap root system September ), which in turn reduce! ; 11 tips for growing, making and marketing lucerne hay production into a science from remarkable. Some management guidelines recommend allowing lucerne plants to flower each year if it is expected the... Reserves, which is the preferred planting time on the Highveld tubes and later transplanted discover. Established lucerne pasture provides an alternative source of forage for animal production, especially outside the growing towns of confederacy! Heavier crops in the autumn left on the Highveld, rows of 30 cm are often used when the is. Discover the best hybrid for your location prefers fertile soil which is the of! Bud stage and the subsequent cuttings follow just after flowering paddock that is free draining and free perennial! Lucerne was especially popular in attracting lucerne planting time residents after the lucerne is grown under irrigation, then the best and. At any time of the crop is mid-October to early November heavier crops in the spring! A science 42 days, hotter than gum or pine follow just after flowering simple growing are... ), which is the king of fodder, yielding a large of. Harvested first cutting should commence at the bud stage and the subsequent follow...
2020 lucerne planting time