Amidst rising discontent, Acheampong and his staff proposed a Union Government, which was to be a government ruled by the military and civilians. Ghana, however, faced all the daunting challenges of independence that would soon be felt across Africa. Between 1976 and 1981, the inflation rate averaged around 50 percent. Over the centuries education has had different goals, from spreading the Gospel to creating an elite group to run the colony. History of Ghana (1966-1979) Elmina Castle Ghana Empire Ashanti Empire Anglo-Ashanti wars John Kufuor Osei Kofi Tutu I Kofi Abrefa Busia Ignatius Kutu Acheampong History of Ghana Page 1 14 20 25 31 45 49 54 57 60 Rawlings ran for the National Democratic Congress party and won the elections. Ancient Ghana is originally located hundreds of miles at the north of present-day Ghana between the Senegal and Niger rivers. In 1902, Ashanti became officially part of the British colony of Gold Coast. "Ghana." Kufour had run and lost to Rawlings in 1996, and the orderly transition between parties was an important sign of the political stability of Ghana's new republic. In the year 1874, the Gold Coast officially became a British colony except for the northern region of Ashanti. Ghana has a very rich history tracing its roots from the medieval times of The Ghana Empire of West Africa. Its actual name is Wagadugu Empire and the name “Ghana” was the title accorded to the rulers of the kingdom. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in 1470. After 11 years, the Portuguese built the Elmina Castle where they stayed and inhabited. The "revolution" Rawlings led had Socialist leanings, but it was also a populist movement. Not connected geographically to the modern state of Ghana, the Ghana Empire was located in the western Sudan savannah region (modern southern Mauritania and Mali) sandwiched between the Sahara desert to the north and the rainforests to the south. They were tasked with overseeing the work of administrators and ensuring the decentralization of power. Buy Study Guide. 1. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Rawlings was prohibited by term limits from running for President a third time. Despite Nkrumah's efforts to secure Ghana's energy independence through the Akosambo Dam, electricity remains one of Ghana's hurdles more than 50 years later. Much was expected and hoped for from Ghana at independence but like all new countries during the Cold War, Ghana faced immense challenges. A recent report by the BBC has said that Ghana has a very well-structured educational system. The oil discovery has also increased Ghana's economic vulnerability, and the 2015 crash in oil prices decreased revenue. In 1984, the PDCs were replaced by Committees for the Defense of the Revolution. Nkrumah tried to free Ghana from this dependence by building the Akosambo Dam on the Volta River, but the project put Ghana deeply in debt and created intense opposition. Acheampong rolled back many of the austerity measures. Ghana is the sub-Saharan African country that gained its independence in 1957. Due to the loads of gold production, Gold Coast became the name of the country popular to other European nations. Mike Lawn/Fox Photos/Hulton Archive/Getty Images, Jonathan C. Katzenellenbogen/Getty Images, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, Father of Tanzania, Biography of Nicolas Maduro, Embattled President of Venezuela, The History of Modern-Day Myanmar (Burma), The Guatemalan Civil War: History and Impact, Biography of Fulgencio Batista, Cuban President and Dictator, Ph.D., History, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, M.A., History, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor, B.A./B.S, History and Zoology, University of Florida. Rawlings' populist touch and charisma won over crowds and he initially enjoyed support. Ghana's first President, Kwame Nkrumah, was ousted nine years after independence. a) 6 March 1957. Brief History Modern Ghana takes its name from the ancient kingdom of Ghana that flourished, north of the present day state, between the 4th and 11th centuries A.D. The history of Ghana, however, dates back ever further to the Sudanic empires of West Africa that controlled the trade in gold and salt to and from the Trans-Saharan trade routes. Some key dates in Ghana's history: 1482 - Portuguese settlers arrive and begin trading in gold, ivory and timber with various Akan states. The earliest Baptist work in Ghana was by one Mark C. Hayford, a Ghanaian, who received his call and ordination to the ministry in Nigeria. View Images. Agriculture in Ghana consists of a variety of agricultural products and is an established economic sector, and provides employment on a formal and informal basis. Ghana : History Ghana is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. The Church of Pentecost, like most great institutions, started in a small way. /p>. On January 13, 1972, Lieutenant Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong successfully overthrew the government. Ghana is mainly flat, but there are hills in the northern part of the country. Paper delivered at the Heritage and Identity Session, BWA Annual Gathering, Ghana, July 2007. ​On February 24, 1966, a group of officers led a coup to overthrow Nkrumah while Kwame Nkrumah was in China. The First Missionaries were sent as a result of a request … In 1964, faced with growing resentment and afraid of internal opposition, Nkrumah pushed a constitutional amendment that made Ghana a one-party state and made himself the life president. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. African-Americans, including Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X, visited Ghana, and many Africans still struggling for their own independence looked on it as a beacon of the future to come. They were Johann Philip Henke, Gottlieb Holzwarth, Karl F. Salbach, and Johann Gottlob Schmidt.e They were sent as a result of a request by Major de Richelieu,… The Portuguese reached what is now Ghana in 1471. There was opposition from the beginning, however. Once again, people were optimistic and believed the new government would handle Ghana's problems better than Nkrumah. Homegoing A Brief History of Ghana and the Gold Coast . It is named after the medieval Ghana Empire of West Africa which existed from roughly the 4th through 13th centuries. In late 1992, elections were held. /p>, Slave trade was banned in the early 19th century and soon after Britain became the more dominating power in the country. Ghana’s independence from Britain in 1957 was widely celebrated in the African diaspora. The facility was built under the administration of Sir Frederick Gordon Guggisberg, then, the Governor of the Gold Coast, as a General Hospital to … Soon, Gold Coast became the trade center of European nations. Which country is to the east of Ghana? History of Ghana The name Ghana originates from an African empire, which was located around River Niger between 400 and 1240 AD. Ghana: A Country Study, U.S. Library of Congress., 1994, Washington. They were not stopping the elections themselves but they did execute several members of the military government, including the former leader General Acheampong, who had already been unseated by Affufo. b) Togo. Cocoa prices were also slumping and Ghana's share of the market had declined. The actual name of … They weren't successful at first, but another group of officers broke them out of jail. Which is the official language of Ghana? For the next 25 years, Ghana was typically governed by military rulers with varying economic impacts. 2. African-Americans, including Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X, visited Ghana, and many Africans still struggling for their own independence looked on it as a beacon of the future to come. Photograph by … The project also forced the relocation of some 80,000 people. Author(s): By Nkrumah, Kwame . In 2000, the true test of Ghana's fourth republic came. Ghana is a colonial creation, pieced together from numerous indigenous societies arbitrarily consolidated, and … 7. The Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th to 13th century CE. As a beginning, I present a brief history of Ghana: Modern Ghana in West Africa, takes it name from the ancient kingdom of Ghana, which was approximately 500 miles north of … Initially, Nkrumah rode a wave of support in Ghana and the world. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. Upon settlement, they found huge numbers of gold deposits especially between the rivers of Volta and Ankobra. The Independence Arch is a symbol of this momentous occasion in the country’s history. The reason Rawlings and the other officers gave for taking power just weeks before national elections was that the new Union Government would be no more stable or effective than previous governments. After Ghana gained its independence in 1957 the education system, then modelled on the British system, has undergone a … Ghana is in West Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea. A new name of great resonance in African history is adopted - Ghana (although the ancient kingdom of that name was far to the north, in present-day Mali). After a constitution was drafted for the Second Republic, elections were held in 1969. "Historical Background." Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. Ghana’s independence from Britain in 1957 was widely celebrated in the African diaspora. Which is the capital of Ghana? Brief History “Big things have small beginnings”; so is The Presbyterian Church of Ghana. He was also an ardent pan-Africanist and helped found the Organization of African Unity. In an attempt to right the boat, Busia implemented austerity measures and devalued the currency, but these moves were deeply unpopular. Inflation ran rampant. In the late 1980s, the PNDC was facing international and internal pressures and began exploring a shift toward democracy. The year 1957 marked the independence of the Gold Coast from the British and was known as the Republic of Ghana. In 2008, John Atta Mills (Rawlings' former Vice President who had lost to Kufour in the 2000 elections) won the election and became Ghana's next president. In 1981, it was 116 percent. c) 1482. Ghana still had high debts, however, and servicing the interest was crippling the country's economy. It was the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence from foreign colonizers. As Rawlings moved away from his socialist colleagues, he gained enormous financial support from Western governments for Ghana. After the elections, the new president Dr. Hilla Limann forced Rawlings and his co-officers into retirement. The Progress Party, headed by Kofi Abrefa Busia, won the 1969 elections. The Council set up local Provisional Defense Committees (PDC) throughout the country. Much was also expected of Kwame Nkrumah, the charismatic first President of Ghana. He was reelected in 2004. Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, the premier tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana, was established on October 9, 1923. During this brief history of Ghana, education came in form of advice by the experienced and aged elders in the community. Rawlings and six other men formed a Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) with Rawlings as the chair. He was an experienced politician. 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