The seasonal minimum is 43°F. Dry subsidence created by the South Pacific high-pressure cell makes the desert one of the driest regions in the world. This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Pedro de Atacama are -22.911 deg latitude, -68.201 deg longitude, and 8,018 ft elevation. Past Weather in Atacama Desert, Chile — Yesterday and Last 2 Weeks. The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from October 13 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 8.7 kWh. * Charts above show average data for the last 3 years. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands. In the areas of Atacama there are some places that since the meteorological data have been recorded have never received a single drop of rain. Chalchihuites, Mexico (4,006 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to San Pedro de Atacama (view comparison). The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 4 to August 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 6.0 kWh. Top 5 Atacama Desert Myths - Busted! This location is classified as BWk by Köppen and Geiger. support@__remove_this_part__weatherspark.com. As a result of these harsh conditions, plant and animal life is almost non-existent, particularly in the lower Atacam… Oddly enough, the Atacama is a cold place with temperatures somewhere between 0 and 25 degrees Celsius. In San Pedro de Atacama, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year. Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere). In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F. For the last 400 years, the Atacama Desert has not seen a drop of rain. Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies. Time/General; Weather . mi (105,000 sq. The Iquique range, for instance, has records average monthly temperatures of 21° C (70° F) in March to 14.5° C (56° F) in September. The brightest day of the year is December 6, with an average of 9.6 kWh. The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than. Get the monthly weather forecast for San Pedro de Atacama, Antofagasta, Chile, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 80°F and is rarely below 28°F or above 84°F . The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season. Atacama Desert Weather: December. The windiest day of the year is December 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.1 miles per hour. Atacama Desert Monthly Weather. We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader. Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit San Pedro de Atacama for warm-weather activities is from late September to mid April. As a definition, a desert is a hot area of land that gets very little rain — not more than 200mm a year, where temperatures during the daytime can get as high as 55°C. Population: 5,000 (San Pedro de Atacama) Altitude: 2,400 metres. In 2020, the shortest day is June 20, with 10 hours, 44 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 33 minutes of daylight. The area within 2 miles of San Pedro de Atacama is covered by bare soil (79%), within 10 miles by bare soil (91%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (69%) and sparse vegetation (13%). The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day). At a distance of 91 kilometers from San Pedro de Atacama, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. It has an average night time temperature of 4 degrees Celsius and average daytime temperature of 22 degrees Celsius. The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. This value is relatively stable throughout the year. The average hourly wind speed in San Pedro de Atacama experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year. Atacama is a desert but you'll still need to bring warm clothes when you visit. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Search : Search. Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com . It is west of the Andes Mountains, bordering the Pacific coastline. The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. Rainy Days During the Year. At night, deserts cool down, sometimes even below 0°C. Averages. Atacama desert. The climate of the Atacama Desert can be described as cold with average temperatures ranging between 0-25 degrees Celsius. km), stretching 600mi (1000km) from southern Peru into northern Chile. The wind is most often from the north for 1.7 months, from June 9 to August 1, with a peak percentage of 38% on July 9. The Atacama is the oldest desert on Earth and has experienced semiarid conditions for roughly the past 150 million years, according to a paper in … Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (12,320 feet). Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. The cool season lasts for 2.6 months, from May 24 to August 10, with an average daily high temperature below 70°F. The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. September October November December. On September 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time. Climate: Daytime highs in the Atacama Desert are around 20°C – 25°C and night-time temperatures are around 12°C. The Atacama is a prime example of what scientists have dubbed the “extremobiosphere” – areas of the world where factors such as high aridity, … Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,283 feet). Atacama Desert Air Temperature, °F. The windier part of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from June 20 to March 1, with average wind speeds of more than 8.5 miles per hour. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. The Atacama Desert is home to diverse flora and fauna, despite its harsh climate. The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. In fact, it is so dry that some weather stations in the desert have never recorded a single drop of rain. The Atacama Desert covers a total area of 40,541 sq. The earliest sunset is at 5:54 PM on June 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 29 minutes later at 8:23 PM on January 14. This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. The lowest night temperature was 36°F. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. To sum up, compared to other deserts around the world, the Atacama desert’s weather is quite cool, however, the dryness is what makes the living in the area truly difficult in a way. Average Wind Speed, mph. The Atacama desert has one of the most arid and driest types of climate in the world. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The Atacama Desert, oddly enough, is very cold. The warmest month in Atacama Desert is january. All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The climate guide for San Pedro de Atacama, Chile shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Weather San Pedro de Atacama is an oasis located 2,443 meters (8,015 feet) above sea level, connected with the Calama airport (Chile) by a 100 kilometer road (62 miles).The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. Largest Supply of Sodium Nitrate in the World – This region is the largest natural supply of Sodium … The calmer time of year lasts for 3.6 months, from March 1 to June 20. Weather and climate in San Pedro de Atacama (Atacama Desert) Between the months of january and april the climate is favorable . Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database . Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis. » Cascada Expediciones This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid. The wind is most often from the east for 1.9 months, from April 11 to June 9, with a peak percentage of 44% on April 11. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day. The climate is quite cold here the month of august, but it is liveable when dressing cosy. San Pedro de Atacama Weather Forecasts. Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 80°F and is rarely below 28°F or above 84°F. Precipitation is so low that compared to the Death Valley, the Atacama Desert is more than fifty times drier. The highest day temperature in December 2019 was 72°F. Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter. The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point. Farther inland at intermediate elevations between 1,500 m (5,000 ft) and 3,000 m (10,000 ft) where the driest hyperarid region lies, have hot days under the searing equatorial sun and moderately cold nights for the majority of the year. January February March April. The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year. Atacama Desert weather archive. The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Precipitation total in December for Atacama Desert is 0.0 in. Almost all days in December are sunny. The wind is most often from the west for 8.3 months, from August 1 to April 11, with a peak percentage of 52% on January 1. Antofagasta Airport is 105 miles from Atacama Desert, so the actual climate in Atacama Desert can vary a bit. All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus. The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The Atacama Desert: The Atacama Desert is a major region of South America, located primarily in Chile. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site. The clearer part of the year in San Pedro de Atacama begins around March 17 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around November 23. In a rather bizarre occurrence, however, the desert rec… This report illustrates the typical weather in San Pedro de Atacama, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016. Holiday Weather. On January 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time. The Atacama desert is the driest place on earth with only 1mm of rain falling each year. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for San Pedro de Atacama, Ivory Coast with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com In San Pedro de Atacama, the summers are long, warm, and arid; the winters are short, cold, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round. In winter (June to August), temperatures can drop to freezing or even below. There is only a single weather station, Aeródromo El Loa, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of San Pedro de Atacama. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. The predominant average hourly wind direction in San Pedro de Atacama varies throughout the year. The average values for day and night temperatures during December were 67.8°F и 40.0°F respectivly. The San Pedro de Atacama lies on 2435m above sea level The climate in San Pedro de Atacama is called a desert climate. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 5% on January 28. The weather in august in San Pedro de Atacama is dry ; it never rains. Every so often a warming effect over the Pacific Ocean around the equator changes the weather the world over and even places like the driest desert in the world can become doused with drenching storms. There is very low probability of clouds or gloomy days. The lower elevations of the Atacama, both along the coast and inland below 1,500 m (5,000 ft) altitude, experience a mild to hot climate with a year round temperature profile similar to a mediterranean climate. We are using day length and cloud cover information for each day of the month to calculate averages for this chart. The length of the day in San Pedro de Atacama varies over the course of the year. The calmest day of the year is April 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour. The topography within 2 miles of San Pedro de Atacama contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 650 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8,026 feet. Average Weather in San Pedro de Atacama Chile In San Pedro de Atacama, the summers are long, warm, and arid; the winters are short, cold, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round. Above this elevation is a barren extension of the Atacama with colder temp… Weather Forecasts. The average daily temp is 20.8 °C. The warm season lasts for 4.5 months, from November 3 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The hottest day of the year is December 27, with an average high of 80°F and low of 47°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Pedro de Atacama for general outdoor tourist activities is from late September to mid April, with a peak score in the first week of December. World Resorts Chile Atacama Desert Weather December Weather in Atacama Desert. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages. From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night. Precipitation Totals, in. We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more. Rainfall is virtually nonexistent in the Atacama. Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC. The Atacama Desert is the driest place on Earth, and is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on both sides by the Andes mountains and by the Chilean Coast Range.The cold Humboldt Current and the Pacific Anticyclone are essential to keep the dry climate of Atacama Desert. Courtesy Explora To fully appreciate the Atacama is to understand its jaw-dropping dimensions. The sliding 31-day quantity of rainfall in San Pedro de Atacama does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout. The growing season in San Pedro de Atacama typically lasts for 8.4 months (254 days), from around September 10 to around May 23, rarely starting before August 6 or after October 27, and rarely ending before April 26 or after June 15. We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. Please also visit Atacama Historical Weather, Weather widget and Weather Charts pages. The average rainfall in the Chilean region of Antofagasta is just 1 mm per year. The perceived humidity level in San Pedro de Atacama, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout. Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in San Pedro de Atacama should appear around July 17, only rarely appearing before July 15 or after July 21. Date Precip Air temp day / night Wind; 10.11: 18.5°C: 5.7°C: 3 m/s: 09.11 The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and San Pedro de Atacama according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations. The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the San Pedro de Atacama … The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures. Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter. Weather Today/Tomorrow ; Hour-by-Hour Forecast ; 14 Day Forecast The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Historical or past weather forecast page provides historical weather forecast from 1 st July, 2008 till now in 3 hourly interval. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2020. Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in San Pedro de Atacama during 2020, starting in the spring on September 6 and ending in the fall on April 4. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed. Average Day Temperature: 69.6°F: Average Night Temperature: 53.2°F: Number of Sunny Days: 31 days: Sunshine Hours: 13.5 - 13.7 hours: Number of Rainy Days: 0 days: Precipitation Totals: 0.0 in: Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. The earliest sunrise is at 6:38 AM on November 27, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 3 minutes later at 7:42 AM on April 4. Holiday Weather - We provide weather averages for San Pedro de Atacama, Chile. Annual Weather Averages in Antofagasta Airport. The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the area. The Atacama Desert forms part of the arid Pacific fringe of South America. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for San Pedro de Atacama, Antofagasta, Chile. The frequency ranges from 0% to 5%, with an average value of 1%. The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. San Pedro de Atacama does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Temperatures are up to 61°F. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels. The annual rainfall (or lack of it) defines a desert, but that doesn't mean that it never rains in Atacama. Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for San Pedro de Atacama, Antagasta, Chile with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com May June July August. Even though the average rainfall is about 15 mm per year, some weather stations in the Atacama desert have never caught rain. The average nightly temp is 13.4 °C. The cloudier part of the year begins around November 23 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around March 17. The solar day over the course of the year 2020. Average sunny hours for Atacama Desert in December is 13.2 hours. Temperatures fall anywhere between 0° and 25° Celsius (32° to 75° F). By definition, a desert should be a very hot region that lacks any meaningful precipitation. The darkest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 5.1 kWh. Click on each chart for more information. In San Pedro de Atacama, there is virtually no rainfall during the year. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Pedro de Atacama for hot-weather activities is from early November to mid March, with a peak score in the last week of December. Home / The Americas / South America / Chile / San Pedro de Atacama. To characterize how pleasant the weather is in San Pedro de Atacama throughout the year, we compute two travel scores. Officially the driest place on Earth, it receives almost no rainfall whatsoever. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall. The coldest day of the year is July 11, with an average low of 34°F and high of 67°F. Sunny, Cloudy … the thermometer goes up … This value is relatively stable throughout the year. The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). The average wind speed in December is 8.5 mph. The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds. The average annual temperature is 13.3 °C | 55.9 °F in San Pedro de Atacama. Most deserts … Reconstructions for a number of important data series the two Topography Mission SRTM... Month to calculate averages for this chart feel more humid temperatures between 65°F and 80°F BWk Köppen... Land cover SHARE database, published by NASA 's Jet Propulsion Laboratory months of january april. 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2020 weather atacama desert