Before you make a decision regarding what variety of apple you want to plant, you should consider a few other factors besides the fact that they are listed as apple trees for zone 3. Select varieties--such as Harbelle, Harken, Jayhaven or Encore--that are hardy in your specific area. An added benefit is the snow-white flesh that … Zone 6 dwellers have plenty of fruit tree options available to them, but probably the most commonly grown in the home garden is the apple tree. Crab apples tend to bloom longer than regular apple trees. Trees for small gardens – crab apple Crab apples are great all-rounders, with plenty of food for wildlife, colourful fruit and spring blossom. 2] GREENSLEEVES This EMRS station Kent raised apple was first released in 1977 and over the last few years has become more and more popular, especially as a garden tree, although it never really took off commercially. Malus 'Sargentii'. We want to help guide you along the way with valuable tips on planting, pruning, and care. The Fireside needs a pollinator; Honeycrisp or Honeygold work well as pollinators. It has largely remained the preserve of specialist horticultural collections but I have been championing it for awhile now as it deserves much, much better. Consider the height and spread of the mature apple tree, the length of time the tree takes before bearing fruit, when the apple blossoms and when the fruit is ripe, and if it will take a frost. Northern Apple Trees. Red Falstaff is a similar kind of apple, but better I think. The sculptures will remain on view through October 15. Very Late Ripening Apples. There are many delicious varieties to choose from, though I would recommend Fuji, gala, golden delicious, and granny smith (all great varieties to eat straight off the branch). Its tart fruit is large and can be eaten fresh, used in jam, preserves, or apple sauce. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! You gain by having more choices and the Jonathan Apple Tree is a first-rate and popular apple. Fall is the season of harvesting, and apples are as synonymous with the colorful season as pumpkins and gourds. They grow best in full sun, but will also cope with part-sun. 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There always seem to be plenty in abundance. Even the blossom is superb, large and noticeably rosier in colour than traditional apple blossom. A superb variety in every way; season October to December or longer with careful storage. This dwarf bears bright red fruit that is sweet, crispy, and juicy. Select a pollinator that comes from a different pollination group. This walking orchard tour features the works of more than 20 artists from around the region, whose sculptures are nestled in and among the apple trees. There are thousands of different cultivars of apples grown in North America with quite a few zone 3 apple varieties. Redsleeves is a great season extender to add to any collection and the reason it’s such a perfect garden apple is not only because of it’s extreme reliability and frost hardiness [oh yes, it ius definitely one the most frost hardy of all varieties] but primarily because the tree is naturally compact. It matures at 8 to 10 feet tall. I have heard people cook with it too. A popular dwarf apple tree is the Cameron Select brand of the Honeycrisp. I’m really blessed that of the 5 apple trees currently bearing on our property, this one starts the season super early, and another is so late that I have to pry the apples from the tree before the first freeze, and let them finish ripening in storage. When cooked – from October to January – it keeps it’s texture, is sweet enough to be used with little or no sugar, and develops a distinctive slightly pear-drop flavour which is quite delicious. Maybe you like smaller apples, or maybe your children or grandchildren will, in which case it’s not a problem. It has showy white flowers in spring, medium-green leaves and deep orange-red fruits well into fall. Flavour-wise it combines that distinct nutty russet taste with an added depth, an added slightly sharp aromatic quality – a bit like a Cox crossed with a russet. Some species in Siberia have survived -70C Sweet but refreshing too. The fruits are predominantly golden yellow with a few stipplings of soft red. Idared is a true dual purpose variety – so many cooking varieties are flaunted as being dual purpose but in reality, even ‘though they sweeten, the flesh remains too course to be truly enjoyable eaten fresh. Try growing a variety like ‘John Downie’ to make your own crab apple jelly, or an upright variety like ‘Golden Hornet’ (pictured) to save space. It’s isn’t an overwhelming cropper but it is consistent and yields every year with no tendency to bi-ennial cropping. We sell cold-hardy fruit trees suited to Canada's northern climate. Virtually the perfect garden apple tree….. and at last here we are – drum roll……. Crispin is quite a vigorous variety – it’s a triploid which no doubt gives it that extra touch of pedigree health and vigour. Spartan fruits it’s socks off, you may end up with too many to eat if that could ever be classed as a drawback then it’s a nice one to have. These varieties were found to be productive in regions where winters can be far from mild. Here is a partial list of crabapple cultivars that have proved resistant to apple scab, fire blight, and powdery mildew in the Northeast: Malus 'Louisa'. Spartan is one of the deepest red of apples, really attractive both on the tree and in the fruit bowl. The following article discusses types of cold hardy apples apples that grow in zone 3 and information about planting apple trees in zone 3. We offer many different popular heritage apple trees as well as our best selection of disease resistant apples on a variety of mini dwarf to standard rootstocks. It stores well and can be eaten fresh or in baked goods. When growing your apple trees, remember that two cultivars are required for cross-pollination for fruit to set, one of which can be a crabapple, and that the rootstock is a crucial component not to be overlooked. The Fireside apple tree is a vigorous and hardy apple tree surviving up to -40F degrees. Plum trees are a good option for smaller gardens while cherry trees will quickly fill out a space in providing shade and bounty of fruit. Generally, you can expect to start snacking in 2 to 5 years. Sweet Sixteen is a medium size, crisp and juicy apple with a very unusual flavor – a bit of cherry with spices and vanilla. The medium to large fruit ripen in early September. All of these cold-hardy apple trees are great choices if you live in zone 4, and some are hardy enough to thrive in zone 3. The fruit is ready when it’s no longer green and hard, but the ripe color will vary depending on the variety – and some varieties assume their mature color before they’re ripe. The tree will bear fruit 3 years from planting. Hardiness is well accounted, blossoms have been recorded as having successfully set at -4 degrees! They ripen in mid to late August. 3- to 4-Foot ‘Early’ Trees, available from the Arbor Day Foundation StoreTalk about an ‘Early Harvest!’ These apples are firm and crisp, and produce fruit very early.The fruit lasts for weeks in the refrigerator, but like most apples, they taste best when fresh.‘Early Harvest‘ also does well when pollinated with white-flowering crabapples.Growing Zones: 3-8Chill Hours: 800-1000Pollinates with Flowering Groups: 1, 2Height: 20-25’ (dwarf vari… Honeycrisp™ Apple Tree. Many of you reading this will already be familiar with James Grieve but to the uninitiated it’s an apple that wins both as a sweet-sharp dessert variet, left until October to eat, but earlier it suits many cooking applications. 6] HEREFORDSHIRE RUSSET There had to be one russet included and whilst there aren’t that many russet varieties to pick from, it soon become apparent that the more obvious Egremont Russet has been superceded. I planted two Semi-dwarf Honeycrisp apple trees and one Semi-dwarf Fireside apple tree this past spring. All apples need a pollinator that is in bloom at the same time. Apple trees can tolerate extreme cold (think Russia! I pondered them all over and over again, but ultimately it still came down to Discovery as the all round best. Idared was American raised in the 1940’s and I have no hesitation in recommending it even to the nay-sayers who consider it 'boring'. Apple Tree Varieties Suitable for Frost Pockets in Scotland & the North . I would say probably the hardiest trees in terms of cold hardiness are larches which grow close to the tree line in the northern hemisphere. Frost resistant, abundant yields but not prone to bi-ennial cropping [a fault where the tree crops only every other year, common in a good many varieties] Idared has superbly coloured, richly red lacquered fruits which will hang on the tree very late, into January, without spoiling. You can enjoy it from mid October and it hangs on the tree until Christmas and you can still enjoy it …… when stored properly it’s still good to eat in March. The flavour is superb, refreshing and slightly sharp but not offputtingly so. The good news is that one of the most popular, the apple, has varieties that can take winter temperatures as low as -40 F. (-40 C.), USDA zone 3, and even lower temps for some cultivars. Buckeye "Autumn Splendor" (Buckeye aesculus) The reason this new[ish] variety outranks Egremont for me is that it flowers a little later, thus avoiding early frosts, the fruits are larger, I find the flavour even better, and it’s also self fertile – the only russet I am aware of, that is. According to the University of Missouri, peach trees require considerable care. An American classic, apple trees are the perfect choice for any Missouri homeowner hoping to grow their own fruit. The rootstock that a tree is grafted onto may be chosen due to tree size, to encourage early bearing, or to foster disease and pest resistance. ), but certain varieties have been bred to suit warm and even sub-tropical regions. Norkent apple (zone 2) – Bred in Morden, Manitoba, Norkent is a very hardy tree, with good quality eating apples. In storage you can keep them until April with ease. It is an unusually crunchy, crisp and juicy early season apple. It needs less pruning, and is therefore easier to grow by novices. Apple trees take a few years before they will produce fruit. 5] JAMES GRIEVE An English apple growing luminary that actually hails from Scotland which speaks well of it’s credentials as a super hardy performer. It’s easy to grow and forgiving. Unlike many early varieties, Redsleeves has a longer season of use so whilst you can start harvesting in the second half of August, it’s still useable in early October. 9] DISCOVERY Maybe an obvious choice, but I wanted to include one early season variety. The Zestar!® apple has a well-balanced sweet-tart taste with a hint of brown sugar. This one grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 6. It can crop heavily without the need for a partner tree. Malus 'Adirondack'. Apple Trees. Red Falstaff is very, very precocious with abundant yields of medium to large sized fruits of excellent quality, every year. I’m always slightly wary of compiling best-of lists as it’s bound to be subjective and there are also bound to be detractors…. Dwellers in cooler climates still crave the flavor and satisfaction of growing their own fruit. The undisputed perfect garden apple tree is Red Falstaff. Goodland apples grow to around 15 feet (4.5 m.) in height and 12 feet (3.5 m.) across. Malus 'Molten lava'. Peaches and pears are other low-maintenance tree varieties that will produce many years of quality fruit. Starting at $99.95 118. The inner flesh is contrastingly quite white. 8] CRISPIN A Japanese variety no less, also known as Mutsu. SnowSweet® apple trees produce savory, sweet fruit, with a slight tart balance. But it does develop – I actually prefer to wait for this variety to start to drop from the tree. But the ten I’m about to give you go as far as it’s possible in attaining the title ‘perfect garden apple’. Both are doing well so far. And therein lies the vale – there being thousands of known apple varieties, how do you narrow it down to such a condensed list? The McIntosh Apple Tree needs a second variety of apple for pollination and the Jonathan Apple Tree is an ideal choice. Gala Apple … So I would recommend it on dwarfing stocks, or as a cordon to restrict it’s exuberance whereupon it makes a great garden or orchard apple tree. Taste-wise, I would hesitantly compare it to Braeburn – reluctantly because that variety,lets face it, despite being the doyenne of the supermarket, isn’t really blessed with much flavour at all. Crabapple trees are desirable for their hardiness, ease of care, brilliant spring blooms and tasty fruit. The fruit is ripe in mid-August through September and is delicious eaten fresh, for apple sauce, and fruit leather. The good news is that one of the most popular, the apple, has varieties that can take winter temperatures as low as -40 F. (-40 C.), USDA zone 3, and even lower temps for some cultivars. There always seem to be plenty in abundance. Our fruit trees are grown naturally and have been selected from over four hundred varieties that we are testing to offer you the very best trees that can be grown in Canada. So that along makes this variety hugely important and it has good disease resistance as a whole too. 10] GAVIN This was released with fanfare from EMRS Kent in the 1970’s from a seedling raised in Hertfordshire in the 1950’s, but sank with little ado. Malus 'Schmidtcutleaf' Golden Raindrops®. Dwarf Apple Trees bear fruit at a younger age – significant fruit production can be achieved two years earlier than with apple trees grown on a standard rootstock; Dwarf Apple Trees take up less space in your yard resulting in more yard for you to enjoy and less effort to harvest your crop. Hardiness is well accounted, blossoms have been recorded as having successfully set at -4 degrees! Apple trees are among the hardiest of fruit trees, and some kinds are disease-resistant. 4] REDSLEEVES A variety we first championed [and indeed introduced] in the 1980’s and remains a superlative early. It also gave us the aforementioned sister seedling ‘Redsleeves’ Greensleeves is a mid season apple that can be enjoyed from late September through to November; it is a moderate sized apple, neither too large nor too small, and is almost enirely green. Sign up for our newsletter. And the best bit? This cultivar bears fruit 5 years after planting. Norkent apples look much like Golden Delicious with a tinge of red blush. They do not keep long and won’t store for more than 6 weeks, however. For those interested in apple history, Discovery is an Essex raised variety and it first became known in the 1930’s. No apple recommendation list would be complete without it, well over 100 years ‘young’ and still going strong. Most cultivars require cross pollination. A superb variety in every way; season October to December or longer with careful storage. 922-End is one of the extremely rare apple trees that is good tasting and capable of thriving up to zone 1. A perfect patio or garden tree. This cultivar takes longer to bear than other cultivars, sometimes up to 5 years from planting. The University of Saskatchewan is always for grafting and developing a few newer varieties of trees that are hardy to – 50°F and even below that. Season August to early September. Not so Idared, it has a smooth crisp flesh which is great eaten as dessert later on. For those with a good set of gnashers and who like solid, dense apples then none fits the bill so finely as Crispin. Infact when grown as a cordon or against a wall, growing systems that result in less foliated branches and more sunshine therefore penetrates, the fruits are even deeper in colour and often quite an astonishing black-red. 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2020 hardiest apple trees